Study: Cannabis Could Represent an Effective and Well-Tolerated Treatment for Epileptic Seizures

According to a new study published by Epilepsia Open, “cannabis could actually represent an effective, well-tolerated antiepileptic drug”.

“Cannabidivarin (CBDV) and cannabidiol (CBD) have recently emerged among cannabinoids for their potential antiepileptic properties, as shown in several animal models”, states the study’s abstract. “We report the case of a patient affected by symptomatic partial epilepsy who used cannabis as self-medication after the failure of countless pharmacological/surgical treatments.”

Clinical and video electroencephalogram (EEG) evaluations were periodically performed, and the serum levels of CBDV, CBD, and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol were repeatedly measured. After cannabis administration, “a dramatic clinical improvement, in terms of both decrease in seizure frequency and recovery of cognitive functions, was observed, which might parallel high CBDV plasma concentrations.”

To widen the spectrum of CBDV possible mechanisms of action, “electrophysiological methods were applied to investigate whether it could exert some effects on γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptors.”

According to the study; “Our experiments showed that, in human hippocampal tissues of four patients affected by drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) transplanted in Xenopus oocytes, there is decrease of current rundown (i.e., reduction of use-dependent GABAA current) after prolonged exposure to CBDV. This result has been confirmed using a single case of Rasmussen encephalitis (RE).”

They conclude by stating that; “Our patient’s electroclinical improvement supports the hypothesis that cannabis could actually represent an effective, well-tolerated antiepileptic drug. Moreover, the experimental data suggest that CBDV may greatly contribute to cannabis anticonvulsant effect through its possible GABAergic action.”

For the full study, click here.

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Senate Leader McConnell to Introduce Hemp Legalization Bill

Left to right: Kentucky’s pro-hemp senators, Rand Paul (left) and Mitch McConnell.

Kentucky farmers have long been at the forefront of hemp cultivation in America. With records of it being planted there dating back to 1775, it’s fitting that nearly 250 years later a senator from Kentucky would spearhead efforts to separate hemp—at least agriculturally—from its psychoactive cousin.

On March 26, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) announced that he plans to introduce the Hemp Farming Act of 2018. If passed by Congress, it would finally legalize hemp as an agricultural commodity and remove it from the Controlled Substances Act.

“Hemp has played a foundational role in Kentucky’s agricultural heritage,” McConnell explained at the state Department of Agriculture in Frankfort, where he was joined by Commissioner of Agriculture Ryan Quarles. “I believe it can be an important part of our future. We’re ready to take the next step and build upon the successes we’ve seen with Kentucky’s hemp pilot program.”

Hemp farming in Kentucky has experienced a resurgence since the passage of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (a.k.a. the Farm Bill), which defined industrial hemp as distinct from marijuana, and authorized colleges, universities and the Agriculture Department to grow it for research under pilot programs. The amount of hemp planted in the Bluegrass State has increased from 33 acres to more than 3,200 since the pilot program was launched in 2015. As of February, the Agriculture Department had 248 growers and 35 processors participating. Quarles believes hemp’s long-term prospects in Kentucky are promising, as the state has a network of tobacco processors that can turn raw hemp into products such as plastics, textiles and construction materials.

Study: Cannabis has Theurputic Potential in the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease

Cannabis may provide a potential treatment option for those with Alzheimer’s disease, states a new study published by the journal Neurochemical Research.

“Here we demonstrate for the first time that cannabidiol (CBD) acts to protect synaptic plasticity in an in vitro model of Alzheimer’s disease (AD)”, begins the study’s abstract. “The non-psycho active component of Cannabis sativa, CBD has previously been shown to protect against the neurotoxic effects of beta amyloid peptide (Aβ) in cell culture and cognitive behavioural models of neurodegeneration. Hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) is an activity dependent increase in synaptic efficacy often used to study cellular mechanisms related to memory.”

Here, researchers “show that acute application of soluble oligomeric beta amyloid peptide (Aβ1-42) associated with AD, attenuates LTP in the CA1 region of hippocampal slices from C57Bl/6 mice. Application of CBD alone did not alter LTP, however pre-treatment of slices with CBD rescued the Aβ1-42 mediated deficit in LTP.” The study found “that the neuroprotective effects of CBD were not reversed by WAY100635, ZM241385 or AM251, demonstrating a lack of involvement of 5HT1A, adenosine (A2A) or Cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptors respectively. However in the presence of the PPARγ antagonist GW9662 the neuroprotective effect of CBD was prevented.”

Researchers conclude; “Our data suggests that this major component of Cannabis sativa, which lacks psychoactivity may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of AD.”

The full study can be found by clicking here.

This new research helps to validate a plethora of past studies which found that cannabinoids may treat, and may even prevent, Alzheimer’s disease. You can find information on some of these  past studies by clicking  here.

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Book Review: The Hunt for Timothy Leary

Ever see one of those action-adventure flicks where the writers try to stuff everything in, including the kitchen sink? You know, the big-budget buddy movie with exotic locales, international intrigue, improbable exploits, white-knuckle action sequences, witty dialogue, rapid-fire editing and lots of celebrity cameos? And then they blow your mind by insisting it’s based on a true story?

Authors Steven L. Davis and Bill Minutaglio

Bill Minutaglio and Steven L. Davis’ The Most Dangerous Man in America: Timothy Leary, Richard Nixon and the Hunt for the Fugitive King of LSD (their previous book, Dallas 1963, received a PEN Center literary award for research nonfiction in 2014) doesn’t read like a nonfiction book as much as it feels like watching the film version of a book. It’s set in the circa-1970 era of antiwar protests, riots and terrorist attacks.

American society was fracturing as the unpopular war in Vietnam fueled dissent. The Weather Underground, the Black Panther Party and other revolutionary groups viewed violence as “by any means necessary.” In the middle of this commotion was a mild-mannered former Harvard professor turned psychedelic evangelist, Dr. Timothy Leary.

A consummate showman, Leary spent years promoting the use of psychedelics, in particular LSD, and free love to the outrage of establishment America. First at an estate in Millbrook in upstate New York, then in Laguna Beach, Calif., he offered a psychedelic-driven message with catchphrases like “turn on, tune in, drop out” and “question authority.” To hippies, he was a sybarite philosopher king, a celebrity messiah of all things groovy. To President Richard Nixon and his supposed “Silent Majority,” Leary symbolized all they couldn’t stand in the cultural and political upheavals of the time.

New Jersey Adds Five New Medical Marijuana Conditions, Reduces Patient Fee

New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy announced today that the state is expanding their medical marijuana program to include five new conditions that qualify an individual to legally use the medicine.

Governor Murphy announced the expansion the same day as a governor-appointed task force recommended he do so. The conditions being added are migraines, anxiety, chronic pain related to musculoskeletal disorders, chronic visceral pain, and Tourette’s syndrome. Governor Murphy also announced that the fee to become a medical marijuana patient is being reduced from $200, to $100, or $20 for veterans and seniors.

“We are changing the restrictive culture of our medical marijuana program to make it more patient-friendly,” says Murphy. “We are adding five new categories of medical conditions, reducing patient and caregiver fees, and recommending changes in law so patients will be able to obtain the amount of product that they need. Some of these changes will take time, but we are committed to getting it done for all New Jersey residents who can be helped by access to medical marijuana.”

Other changes include removing the limit of one-caregiver per patient, and allowing physicians to recommend the medicine without being required to appear on a public registry.

Governor Murphy, elected last year, has vowed to take things even further, and is working to legalize marijuana in New Jersey for all uses, given the consumer is at least 21.

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NFL Hall of Famer Speaks Out at Cannabis Opportunity Summit

MCBA board chair Khavan Khalatbari and NFL Hall of Famer Terrell Davis at the Cannabis Opportunity Summit in Denver on March 23. (Photo by Wally Wallace)

Former NFL running back and Denver sports legend Terrell Davis showed off the Hall of Fame ring he received in 2017 to a crowd of 500 attendees at the Minority Cannabis Business Association’s Cannabis Opportunity Summit on March 23 at the University of Denver.

The Broncos’ all-time leading rusher doesn’t use marijuana for pain or any other lingering condition. But he remembers how the arrests of mostly young black men for marijuana damaged their lives when he grew up in San Diego. Davis thinks it’s time to change that cycle, and sees the development of minority-owned cannabis businesses as one way to accomplish that.

“As minorities, we’re always underdogs,” he pointed out. “We’ve always been labeled ‘can’t do it.’ That’s all we heard growing up. I’ve heard that since I was seven years old. That’s what you guys are now. You’re the underdogs. Embrace it. Take chances. It’s a risky business, and you take the risks. I like that.”

The summit was the brainchild of Kayvan Khalatbari, an Iranian-American entrepreneur who cofounded Denver Relief, Colorado’s second-oldest medical-marijuana dispensary. He’s also chair of the MCBA’s board and is running for mayor of Denver in the 2019 election. After 13 years in the cannabis industry, Khalatbari’s concerned about white males dominating it. “In new states where you see a very limited number of licenses and such a high barrier of entry, marginalized people can’t play, no matter what color they are,” he told Freedom Leaf.

Study: Cannabidiol May Help Prevent Relapses in Those Addicted to Alcohol and Drugs

The findings of a study published last week by the journal Neuropsychopharmacology “provide proof of principle supporting potential of CBD [cannabidiol] in relapse prevention”.

“Cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-psychoactive constituent of Cannabis sativa, has received attention for therapeutic potential in treating neurologic and psychiatric disorders”, states the study’s abstract. “Recently, CBD has also been explored for potential in treating drug addiction.” The study notes that substance use disorders “are chronically relapsing conditions and relapse risk persists for multiple reasons including craving induced by drug contexts, susceptibility to stress, elevated anxiety, and impaired impulse control.” Here, researchers “evaluated the “anti-relapse” potential of a transdermal CBD preparation in animal models of drug seeking, anxiety and impulsivity.”

For the study, rats with alcohol or cocaine self-administration histories “received transdermal CBD at 24 h intervals for 7 days and were tested for context and stress-induced reinstatement, as well as experimental anxiety on the elevated plus maze.” Effects on impulsive behavior were established using “a delay-discounting task following recovery from a 7-day dependence-inducing alcohol intoxication regimen.”

Researchers found that; “CBD attenuated context-induced and stress-induced drug seeking without tolerance, sedative effects, or interference with normal motivated behavior. Following treatment termination, reinstatement remained attenuated up to ≈5 months although plasma and brain CBD levels remained detectable only for 3 days.” CBD also “reduced experimental anxiety and prevented the development of high impulsivity in rats with an alcohol dependence history.”

The study concludes by stating that; “The results provide proof of principle supporting potential of CBD in relapse prevention along two dimensions CBD: beneficial actions across several vulnerability states, and long-lasting effects with only brief treatment. The findings also inform the ongoing medical marijuana debate concerning medical benefits of non-psychoactive cannabinoids and their promise for development and use as therapeutics.”

The study can be found by clicking here (though we note that the full study is behind a paywall).

The post Study: Cannabidiol May Help Prevent Relapses

Study: Cannabinoids May Alleviate Dystonia and Other Huntington’s Disease Symptoms

Those with Hungtington’s disease may be able to treat some of their symptoms, including dystonia, with cannabinoids, according to a new study.

“Treatment options for dystonia are limited”, states the study’s abstract. “Cannabinoids have been described as a potential treatment for patients with dystonia of a different origin. Here, we present early onset HD [Huntington’s disease] patients with a marked improvement of motor symptoms mainly due to alleviation of dystonia due to treatment with cannabinoids.” In addition, “we review the current literature concerning the use of cannabinoids in HD. Dystonia is described by the Mayo Clinic as “Involuntary muscle contractions that cause repetitive or twisting movements.”

According to researchers, “The Unified Huntington’s Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS) motor score, including a chorea and dystonia subscore, was conducted before and after the start of cannabinoids in seven patients without any other changes in medication. The UHDRS motor score and the dystonia subscore (±SD) improved from 70.9 (25.5) to 60.6 (26.9) with a mean change of 10.3 [95% CI 6.0-14.6] and from 12.3 (4.0) to 8.0 (3.6) with a mean change of 4.3 [95% CI 2.3-6.3], respectively (both p = 0.018).”

They conclude; “Improvement of motor symptoms, mainly dystonia, led to several relevant improvements from a global clinical perspective such as improvement of care, gait and fine motor skills and weight gain. Moreover, we observed changes in behavior with less irritability and apathy, as well as less hypersalivation in some cases.”

The full study can be found by clicking here.

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Study: Cannabinoids May Help Treat Gut Inflammation

There’s “abundant preclinical literature demonstrating the anti-inflammatory effects of cannabinoid drugs in inflammation of the gut”, according to a new study published by the journal Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

For the study, researchers “systematically reviewed publications on the benefit of drugs targeting the endo-cannabinoid system in intestinal inflammation.” They “collated studies examining outcomes for meta-analysis from EMBASE, MEDLINE and Pubmed until March 2017. Quality was assessed according to mSTAIR and SRYCLE score.”

For the study, “51 publications examining the effect of cannabinoid compounds on murine colitis and 2 clinical studies were identified. Twenty-four compounds were assessed across 71 endpoints. Cannabidiol, a phytocannabinoid, was the most investigated drug.”

Researchers found that cannabinoids significantly reduced the disease activity index for colitis. They found “no evidence of reporting bias” among the studies they examined, and report that “No significant difference was found between the prophylactic and therapeutic use of cannabinoid drugs.”

The study concludes by stating; “There is abundant preclinical literature demonstrating the anti-inflammatory effects of cannabinoid drugs in inflammation of the gut. Larger randomised controlled-trials are warranted.”

The full study, conducted by researchers at the University of Nottingham in the United Kingsom, can be found by clicking here.

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Canada Senate Votes to Legalize Marijuana for Those 18+

Canada’s Senate has voted to pass a marijuana legalization bill through its second reading.

The Senate passed Bill C-45 yesterday in a 44 to 29 vote. The measure, which would legalize marijuana for everyone 18 and older, passed the House of Commons  in November by a vote of 200 to 82. The bill will now go through a third reading in the Senate. If passed, as expected, it will be sent to the Governor General for Royal Assent (final approval).

If the measure does become law as many anticipate and as Prime Minister Justin Trudea has promised, the possession and personal cultivation of marijuana will become legal for those 21 and older. The measure would establish a system of licensed brick-and-mortar cannabis retail outlets, while also allowing cannabis to be sold online.

According to a report released last year by the C.D. Howe Institute, Canada is set to garner approximately $675 million ($500 million US) annually in tax revenue from legal marijuana sales.

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Rohrabacher-Blumenauer Amendment Safe Until September


Reps. Rohrabacher (right) and Blumenauer in 2014. (Photo by Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call)

ORIGINALLY POSTED JAN. 17, UPDATED MAR. 22: With Attorney General Jeff Sessions rescinding the Cole Memo on Jan. 4, the Rohrabacher-Blumenauer amendment (RBA) has been the only federal law standing in the way of a potential crackdown on medical marijuana. On Mar. 21, it was extended for another for another six months.

First passed in 2014, Rohrabacher-Blumenauer (then known as Rohrabacher-Farr) is an amendment to the annual appropriations bill that prohibits the Department of Justice from using federal funds to crack down on medical marijuana programs in the 29 states where it’s legal. This is the RBA’s third extension since December.

Rep. Blumenauer (D-Ore.) took the extension in stride, stating:

“While I’m glad that our medical marijuana protections are included, there is nothing to celebrate since Congress only maintained the status quo. These protections have been law since 2014. This matter should be settled once and fort all.”

Several ongoing cases rest on RBA protections. Last August, a federal judge in San Francisco cited the RBA in a ruling …

Hawaii Committee Passes Resolution Urging NFL to Allow Players to Use Medical CBD

A Hawaii House Committee has given approval to a resolution urging the National Football League (NFL) to allow players to use CBD (cannabidiol) for medical purposes.

Hawaii’s House Health and Human Services Committee unanimously approved House Resolution 40 on Wednesday, sending it towards a vote by the full House of Representatives. The resolution states; “BE IT RESOLVED by the Senate of the Twenty-ninth Legislature of the State of Hawaii, Regular Session of 2018, the House of Representatives concurring, that the National Football League is urged to allow injured National Football League players to use cannabidiol in pill or liquid form, in lieu of opioids, to address the pain from work-related injuries”.

The resolution also states; “BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that certified copies of this Concurrent Resolution be transmitted to the Commissioner of the National Football League and the respective General Managers of each of the teams that compose the National Football League.”

A companion bill, Senate Concurrent Resolution 34, was recently assigned to the Senate Labor Committee.

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Study: Marijuana Use Associated With Reduced Mortality Following Orthopedic Surgery

Marijuana use was associated with decreased mortality in patients undergoing a variety of surgical procedures, according to a study of over 9 million patients, published in the journal Substance Abuse.

“The association between marijuana use and surgical procedures is a matter of increasing societal relevance that has not been well studied in the literature”, states the study’s abstract. “The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between marijuana use and in-hospital mortality, as well as to assess associated comorbidities in patients undergoing commonly billed orthopedic surgeries.”

To do so, the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from 2010 to 2014 was used to determine the odds ratios for the associations between marijuana use and in-hospital mortality, heart failure (HF), stroke, and cardiac disease (CD) in patients undergoing five common orthopedic procedures: hip (THA), knee (TKA), and shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), spinal fusion, and traumatic femur fracture fixation.

“Of 9,561,963 patients who underwent one of the five selected procedures in the four-year period, 26,416 (0.28%) were identified with a diagnosis of marijuana use disorder”, states researchers. “In hip and knee arthroplasty patients, marijuana use was associated with decreased odds of mortality compared to no marijuana use.” Traumatic femur fixation patients had the highest prevalence of marijuana use (0.70%), which was associated with “decreased odds of mortality, HF, and CD.” For spinal fusions, “Marijuana use in patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty “was associated with decreased odds of mortality”.

Researchers conclude by stating that; “In this study, marijuana use was associated with decreased mortality in patients undergoing THA, TKA, TSA and traumatic femur fixation, although the significance of these findings remains unclear. More research is needed to provide insight into these associations in a growing surgical population.”

The full study can be found by clicking  here.

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Cannabis at SXSW: Pot Panels, Movies and More

Back when I was an Austin resident from 1994-1996, SXSW celebrated the weirdness of Austin. Local bands played up and down 6th St., hoping for national recognition from industry types who descended on the Texas capitol every March. Twenty-four years later, it’s grown into a 10-day celebration of film, music, technology and progressive thought.

Texas is flirting with medical cannabis and attracting some young, vibrant political figures that want to bring legalization to the Lone Star State. SXSW is the perfect vehicle for furthering this goal. The thousands of attendees are smart and not afraid of taking risks (although most of their risks focus on coding and instrumental harmonies). At the same time, the world of sensory enhancement is one they generally embrace.

There were several chances to engage in cannabis discussions and education at SXSW 2018. I participated in a panel on professional sports with Jim McAlpine, founder of the 420 Games, and Eben Britton, a former NFL player who formed Athletes for Care, We all advocated for the use of cannabis as a substitute for the prescription drugs that athletes are fed in the name of winning.

Other canna-panels featured Ardent Cannabis’ Shanel Lindsay, Bloomberg reporter Jennifer Kaplan, futurist Faith Popcorn and Morgan Paxhia from Poseidon Asset Management. There was a “clean cannabis” meet-up, a talk about marijuana as the next superfood and the Grasslands fundraiser for Rep. Beto O’Rourke, who’s running against Sen. Ted Cruz for his Senate seat, hosted by Ricardo Baca. The world premiere of Weed the People—directed by Abby Epstein, produced by Ricki Lake and featuring this cannabis blogger—was also a highlight.

Voters in Illinois’ Most Populated County Approve Marijuana Legalization Referendum

Voters in Cook County, which includes Chicago, have overwhelmingly approved a nonbinding referendum calling for the legalization of marijuana.

With over 63% voting in favor, Cook County voters approved the resolution asking: “Shall the State of Illinois legalize the cultivation, manufacture, distribution, testing, and sale of marijuana and marijuana products for recreational use by adults 21 and older subject to state regulation, taxation and local ordinance?”

The resolution, which was supported by Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle, isn’t legally binding, meaning it will have no effect on the county’s marijuana laws. However, it does give state lawmakers a good indication of how strong support is for legalization among a very large chunk of voters.

Cook County is  by far the  most populated county in Illinois, with approximately 5.2 million residents. This is over five times the population of the state’s second largest county, DuPage County (around 930,000).

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CBD Patch: The Ultimate Guide To CBD Transdermal Patches

CBD Patch

We here at Honest Marijuana love it when cannabis and creativity join forces. It’s the answer to our every “shipping” dream (cannativity? creatabis?) and has produced some truly unique forms of marijuana, like Thai sticks, moon rock, and purple weed. But nothing even comes close to the joy we feel when we think about CBD patches.

Though the CBD patch and the THC patch have only been around for a few years, transdermal patches have existed for almost 40 years. Way back in 1979 when dinosaurs still roamed the earth and kids had to walk to school uphill both ways, the FDA approved the first transdermal patch (scopolamine for motion sickness).

Other patches followed, but the most famous transdermal patch is the nicotine patch, which was introduced in 1991 to help tobacco users kick the smoking habit.

With the legalization of medical and recreational cannabis in the early part of the 21st century, the next logical step was the CBD patch. Now that it has finally arrived, we’re sure it’ll take the crown as the most famous transdermal patch of them all.

But what exactly are CBD patches, and how do they work? The experts at Honest Marijuana will answer that question and reveal everything you need to know about the newest and coolest way to get the CBD you need.

First, though, let’s talk about the ingredient that makes a CBD patch a CBD patch.

What Is CBD?

CBD molecule

CBD (cannabidiol) is one of many chemical compounds within the cannabis plant. Scientists have given these compounds the name cannabinoids. THC is perhaps the most well-known cannabinoid. Others include:

  • CBG (cannabigerol)
  • CBL (cannabicyclol)
  • CBN (cannabinol)
  • CBT (cannabicitran)

And those are just the tip of the cannabinoid iceberg. Scientists have isolated 113 different cannabinoids. Think of these as building blocks that make up the entire chemical composition of the cannabis plant. Pretty cool, huh?

What Is A CBD

From Yippie to Yuppie: ’60s Activist Jerry Rubin

The Youth International Party (Yippies) went beyond the simple peace-and-love mentality of the hippies of the ’60s and ’70s. They were politicized hippies and psychedelicized activists who took their protests against the Vietnam war and America’s repressive status quo to the streets, often theatrically.

Jerry Rubin was one of them, and along with rabble-rousing peers like Abbie Hoffman, Paul Krassner and Stew Albert, they stirred up dissent on a national scale. While Hoffman was the subject of Steal This Movie in 2000, little has been written about his Yippie running partner until now, thanks to Pat Thomas’ exhaustive Did It! (Fantagraphics Books).

“Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman manipulated the media with the ease of carnival barkers at a county fair.”

Designed as a scrapbook-style homage to the structure of Rubin’s 1970 classic Do It! and Hoffman’s Steal This Book, Did It! balances the scales of history, giving Rubin his due as a flawed but vital member of the counterculture. Among his Yippie highlights were throwing dollar bills to a bevy of greedy brokers at the New York Stock Exchange, nominating a pig for President, encircling and pretending to levitate the Pentagon and turning the incredibly undemocratic proceedings of the infamous Chicago 8 trial in 1969-70, in which he was one of the defendants, into five months of political theater and chaos. Back then, Rubin and Hoffman manipulated the media with the ease of carnival barkers at a county fair.

In Defense of Weedmaps’ Fight with California

It’s hard to know who is the David and who is the Goliath in the dispute between the California Bureau of Cannabis Control (BCC) and the website Weedmaps, which provides information about marijuana dispensaries in legal state across the country. The conflict surrounds Weedmaps’ refusal to prevent users from posting information relating to so-called unlicensed marijuana businesses in the Golden State.

On Feb. 16, BCC chief Lori Ajax sent a threatening letter to Weedmaps that read in part: “Your website contains advertisements from persons offering cannabis and cannabis products for sale that are not licensed to conduct commercial cannabis activity; therefore, you are aiding and abetting the violation of state cannabis laws.” She subsequently stated that “such unlicensed businesses puts the public at risk as the health and safety provisions, such as testing, are not in place.”

Rather than acquiesce, Weedmaps shot a letter back on Mar. 12, calling on the state “to invite incumbent unlicensed operators into the light to be licensed to provide them opportunities to operate a legally compliant business… The fate of these unlicensed operators is critical to the success of the licensed operators; over 90% of the cultivators and manufacturers in the state are unlicensed (some would estimate even more) and retailers are set to face crippling shortages in products in the coming months. Scrubbing the Internet of the reality of unlicensed operators that have created thousands of jobs over the last 20 years does nothing to fix the underlying issues.”

In January, the state Department of Cannabis Regulations announced that all cannabis businesses under Section 11362.775 of the state Health and Safety Cod have until Jan. 8, 2019 to be licensed. But until then, unlicensed businesses can continue to operate under the sunset clause to Senate Bill 420, enacted in 2016. That clause protects all types of cannabis businesses—manufacturing, cultivation, distribution and testing, (except for volatile manufacturing of concentrates)—as long as they can …

Court Rules California Medical Marijuana Recommendation Valid in Arizona

Californians who have a valid medical marijuana recommendation can use it to receive legal protections under Arizona state law, a court of  appeals has ruled.

A three-judge Arizona Court of Appeals has ruled that a man’s medical marijuana recommendation obtained from a California physician provides him with the same legal immunity as those who have a medical marijuana card that was issued in Arizona. The ruling upholds a La Paz County Superior Court judge’s dismissal of drug possession charges stemming from a 2016 traffic stop of Stanley Kemmish Jr.

During the case Arizona prosecutors argued that Kemmish’s medical marijuana recommendation wasn’t the equivalent of Arizona’s state-issued cards. However, the court disagreed, saying that Kemmish’s recommendation makes him a “visiting qualifying patient” under the Arizona law, giving him equal protection.

The ruling immediately sets a precedent across Arizona, allowing anyone with a California recommendation to receive protection under Arizona’s medical marijuana program.

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CBD Helps Musician Recover from Brain Tumor

Adam Trachsel started having seizures when he was a teenager. “Maybe I was just self-medicating,” he recalls about his early marijuana use. “Even back then.”

Four years ago, Trachsel, the bassist/synthesizer player for Portland, Ore., indie-rock band Mimicking Birds, discovered he had a brain tumor that needed to be surgically removed.

Trachsel had lost his father to cancer years before. Remembering his father’s struggles with chemotherapy and radiation, he decided to have the operation at the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, whose post-operative plan did not include chemo.

“When I woke up, I couldn’t speak, couldn’t do math and walked with a limp,” Trachsel relates. “I had to take speech therapy and learn to walk again, but I had no trouble playing music.”

Mimicking Birds, led by singer-songwriter Nate Lacy, just released their third album, Layers of Us, on Modest Mouse founder Isaac Brock’s Glacial Pace label (see review on page 64). The band frequently tours nationally and has built a strong following via the Internet.

ADAM TRACHSEL: “CBD should be available at every CVS and Walgreen’s across the

New Poll Finds 59% of New Jersey Voters Support Legalizing Marijuana

As New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy continues to advocate for legalizing marijuana, new polling  shows that a strong majority of voters in the state are behind him on the issue.

“Voters support 59 – 37 percent allowing adults to legally possess small amounts of marijuana for personal use”, states a press release from Quinnipiac University, who conducted the poll. “Support is 63 – 33 percent among men and 55 – 41 percent among women. White voters support legalized marijuana 58 – 39 percent, with non-white support at 60 – 35 percent. ”

The Quinnipiac University Poll found that only “9 percent of Garden State voters say they would definitely try marijuana if it were legal, while 13 percent say they would probably try; 18 percent say they would probably not try legal marijuana and 58 percent say they definitely would not try it.”

The survey was conducted from March 8 – 12, with 1,052 participants (all New Jersey voters). The margin of error for the pollis +/- 4.2 percentage points.

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Review: ‘Gold Dust Woman: A Biography of Stevie Nicks’

Gold Dust Woman (St. Martin’s Press), the unauthorized biography of Stevie Nicks by famed rock biographer Stephen Davis (Hammer of the Gods), brings to mind the quote, “Ginger Rogers did everything Fred Astaire did, except backwards and in high heels.”

Throughout the singer’s five decades in rock ’n’ roll, she managed to blossom professionally in spite of the frequent dismissive treatment she endured from record companies, music producers, and her fellow band members, including her tempestuous boyfriend, guitarist Lindsey Buckingham.

Born in Phoenix on May 28, 1948, Nicks spent much of her youth moving around the country. At an early age, she sang harmonies with her grandfather AJ Nicks a struggling country & western singer, and later learned to play guitar and write songs at Menlo-Atherton High School in California. That’s where she met Buckingham, who invited her to be in his band, Fritz.

They move to Los Angeles and formed the band Buckingham Nicks, which released one album before the duo joined Fleetwood Mac in 1975. “I started off the year as a waitress and ended with Lindsey Buckingham and I millionaires,” Nicks reflected.

City Councilmember Accused of Punching, Biting and Strangling Medical Marijuana Dispensary Applicant

Lemon Grove (CA) Councilmember David Arambula has been accused of violently attacking a medical marijuana dispensary applicant.


As reported by the Candid Chronicle, Chris Williams claims he was hit on the head with a champagne bottle, as well as punched, kicked, strangled, and bitten by Councilmember Arambula during a late-night altercation. During the attack Williams  sustained a laceration to his eyebrow, contusions to the back and front of his head, a concussion, a fractured right rib, and multiple bites to his forearm. Williams was treated at Alvarado Hospital Emergency Room for the injuries.

On January 11 an assault claim was filed to Lemon Grove on behalf of Williams.  The claim includes damages due to pain, suffering, lost work, and medical costs.

On February 20, the Lemon Grove City Council met in a closed session to review the assault claim, and decided to formally deny that the assault ever happened.

“I have never called the police in my life”, says Williams. “That’s not exactly something you’re comfortable doing where I’m from. There was a lot at stake. I wondered what would people say, what would people do, what if people didn’t believe me, and how would the city of Lemon Grove retaliate against my applications for speaking out?”

The alleged incident occurred on July 14, 2017. According to the Candid Chronicle, “Williams was invited to David Arambula’s home for a business meeting concerning his dispensary applications. Mayor Racquel Vasquez was present at the gathering at some point as well.” Williams says he did not provoke the attack nor did he strike or attempt to strike Arambula during the attack. When asked, Williams claimed he still did not know Arambula’s motive for the unexpected assault.

“I thought he had been in a car accident when he got home, I saw blood all over his face and open wounds”, says Kathleen McLean, William’s wife. “I had no choice but to …

Legalizing Marijuana in U.S. Could Generate $106 Billion in Taxes, Create 1 Million New Jobs by 2025

According to a new report by New Frontier Data, titled Cannabis In the U.S. Economy: Jobs, Growth and Tax Revenue2018 Edition, the U.S. could generate billions of dollars and a lot of new jobs if they legalize marijuana.

The report, released today, “examines what full adult use legalization of cannabis could generate in federal tax revenue and jobs for the United States economy after implementation of the 2018 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.” New Frontier Data forecasts that under full federal legalization cannabis has the potential to create cumulatively $105.6 billion in federal tax revenue and 1 million new jobs by 2025.

“New Frontier Data projects increased domestic and international expansion of new legal cannabis markets and $106 billion in tax revenue over an eight-year period in the U.S.,” says New Frontier Data CEO Giadha Aguirre De Carcer.

The report examines three aspects of what full legalization would look like in contrast to the current, state-by-state patchwork of legalized environments, and the anticipated impacts which full nationwide legalization would hold for the U.S. Treasury.

  • If full legalization occurred in all 50 states today, there would be an excess of 654,000 jobs, and would increase to 1 million jobs by 2025.
  • Full legalization would result in more legal businesses enteringthe market, more consumers participating in the legal market, and more employees on official payrolls, resulting in $3.3 billion in payroll taxes. By 2025, payroll deductions would increase to $5.3 billion.
  • Assuming a sales tax at the federal level was implemented at 15%, the total tax revenues from 2017–2025 would theoretically be $46 billion. This amount of revenue would be entirely new revenue to the U.S. Treasury, as there are currently no federal sales or excise taxes.
  • By combining the business tax revenues, the payroll withholdings based on the theoretical employment required to support the industry, and the 15% retail sales tax, one can calculate the total federal tax