CO2 Extraction: Your Complete Guide To CO2 Cannabis Oil

CO2 Extraction


Many medical and recreational cannabis consumers prefer to inhale a cool, instantly-rejuvenating, cannabinoid-infused vapor as opposed to the comparably harsh combusted cannabis smoke.  

However, many health-conscientious cannabis concentrate consumers—you included, perhaps—prefer to avoid all together inhaling residual petroleum particles from butane hash oil into their lungs. We couldn’t agree more.

So are you ready for a cleaner, purer, tastier, safer and overall truly higher-quality cannabis concentrate? Well, have we got a treat for you: supercritical CO2 extraction!

That’s not actually the treat, though. Rather, it’s a really awesome way to remove all the stuff that makes ganja great from the plant matter on which it resides. That way, you don’t have to burn your marijuana to reap all the mind-altering and medicinal benefits.

And best of all for those health-conscious cannasseurs out there, this extraction method won’t leave behind trace amounts of toxins in the finished product. Now that’s something to sit up and take notice of.

This post will break down a bit of the basics behind supercritical fluid extraction and the biochemical benefits of CO2 extracted cannabis concentrates. We’ll also leave you with some simple steps for extracting your own concentrated kief crystals at home using dry CO2 ice.

The Added Value of CO2 Extraction

types of co2

Supercritical CO2 is increasingly being used as a cheap, recyclable, and environmentally safe industrial solvent for creating high quality:

  • Coffee
  • Vanilla
  • Tea
  • Fruit and nut extracts
  • Fruit and nut aromas
  • Omega-3 oils
  • Fragrances
  • Perfumes
  • Tobacco extractions for e-cigarettes
  • Hop-oil extraction for beer
  • Oil extractions from algae (as an alternative energy source)
  • Cannabis oil

supercritical co2 extractionSource:

You may look at that list and say, “Hey, it’s cool that CO2 extraction is being used for so many different products. But why, exactly, is it so popular?” Great question! Here’s the deal.

  1. Our bodies naturally produce carbon dioxide (CO2) when we breathe so it’s considered a “natural” product. This is in

Michigan & Marijuana: Wolverine State Poised to Become 10th to Legalize It

Cannabis legalization is on the November 6th ballot in Michigan. If the initiative passes, residents over 21 will be allowed to possess up to 2.5 ounces of flower and 15 grams of concentrate. It would also permit adults to grow up to 12 plants. Michigan would be the 10th state to legalize marijuana and the first in the Midwest.

Currently, possession of any amount is a misdemeanor, with maximum penalties of a year in jail and a $2,000 fine. Ann Arbor, home of the annual Hash Bash, has long charged just $25 for a first offense. Another 19 cities, including Detroit and Kalamazoo, have passed decriminalization or depenalization laws since 2012.

The Michigan Marijuana Legalization Initiative is the fruit of an effort by the Coalition to Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol (CRMLA), which turned in enough signatures to get the measure on the ballot. They needed 252,000 signatures and submitted 360,000. In April, the initiative was approved by the State Board of Canvassers.

Bloom Cannabis Club in Ann Arbor, MI

CRMLA raised $1.7 million as of mid-July with the Marijuana Policy Project, donating 37% of that total ($633,000). Smoker’s Outlet Management and MI Legalize 2018 kicked in $250,000 and $170,000, respectively. However, there is opposition. Smart Approaches Against Marijuana (SAM) is the biggest contributor ($275,000) to Healthy and Productive Michigan, one of the groups leading the fight against the initiative. The other is Committee to Keep Pot Out of Neighborhoods and Schools.

Burning Man and Marijuana Laws

Heading to Burning Man? Here’s what you need to know about Black Rock City’s and Nevada’s marijuana laws.

If you are heading to Burning Man this year, you may be thinking about bringing cannabis to the playa, since Nevada has legalized marijuana. Not so fast! Before you head out, there are some important things you need to know:

• Burning man is held on FEDERAL land, and the Bureau of Land Management will enforce federal law, which unfortunately considers all marijuana possession a criminal offense — even if you have a medial card! BLM may also ticket you for violations of various rules in the “closure order,” though these, thankfully, are civil rather than criminal.

• “Gifting” marijuana to others is drug trafficking under federal law, even though no money is being exchanged. And if you are caught selling marijuana, or are found in possession of more than one ounce, you will likely be prosecuted under Nevada law by the local Pershing County Sheriffs, who also patrol Burning Man.

• Especially important: GATE ROAD is also federal property, and a lot of the law enforcement activity happens while people are driving into the event. In addition, some of the roads into the event, near Wadsworth and Nixon, pass through tribal reservations, where federal law enforcement can and do make arrests. Keep in mind that you have fewer rights while driving than you do in your home (or in this case, your tent or RV), and can be stopped for a broken taillight or any other minor infraction by law enforcement, who may ask you for consent to search your vehicle (you have the right to refuse). Any marijuana consumption while on the Gate Road could result in a ticket or charges for DUI or marijuana possession.

• Before or after Burning Man, when you are not on federal land: Adults ages 21 and older may legally purchase marijuana

10 Most Important Cannabis Studies Release in 2018 So Far

Even though it’s far from over, 2018 has been a stellar year for cannabis research. Here’s a look at the most important studies released so far.

Hundreds of cannabis-related studies have been released this year. A huge amount of these studies came to the conclusion that cannabis is beneficial in a wide-range of medical ailments, with others showing that its prohibition is detrimental to individuals and society as a whole. As difficult as it was to do so, we’ve narrowed these studies down to the 10 most important, with a few honorable mentions.

Below is that list (in no particular order):

Study: Marijuana Crackdowns Are a Form of Structural Violence, Have Negative Effects on Health, Social and Economic Well-Being

Study: Marijuana Legalization Associated With Reduction in Crime, Drug and Alcohol Use

Study: Marijuana Use Associated With Reduced Mortality Following Orthopedic Surgery

Study: Legalizing Medical Marijuana Associated with a 33.7% Reduction in Workplace Fatalities Among Those Aged 25 to 44

Study: Cannabinoids May Help Protect Blood-Brain Barrier After Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Study: CBD May Help Treat, and Cause the Death of, Endometrial Cancer

Study: Cannabinoid Receptors a Promising Target for the Treatment of Suicidal Behavior

Study: Long-Term Marijuana Use Doesn’t Increase Risk for Adverse Lung Function, May Reduce Emphysema Risk

Study: Cannabis Seeds and Sprouts Exert Beneficial Effects on Human Cells

Study: Medical Cannabis Legalization Associated with Reduced Violent Crimes in States Bordering Mexico


Honorable Mentions:


Study: Cannabinoids May Reverse Behavioral Deficits Caused By Repeated Social Defeat

New Study Finds Cannabis Use Does Not Harm Human Fertility

Study Finds Medical Marijuana Associated With 30% Reduction in Schedule III Opioid Prescriptions, 29% Reduction in Medicaid Spending

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In June, Oregon Garnered $8.5 Million in Taxes from Legal Marijuana Sales

According to the Oregon Department of Revenue, the state made over $8.5 million in taxes from legal marijuana sales in June.

The $8,560,616 million in taxes came from the sale of roughly $45 million worth of marijuana and marijuana products (such as edibles and oils). The taxes garnered is slightly less than the $9 million made last month, but isn’t far off from the single-month record of $9.3 million made in January.

Of the $8.5 million in marijuana taxes Oregon made in June, $7.41 million came from the state’s 17% tax on marijuana sales. The remaining $1.49 million came from local taxes (which vary, but legally can’t be above 3%).

This new data brings Oregon’s total marijuana tax revenue made in 2018 to $51,262,688, putting the state on track to make over $100 million by the end of the year. This would mark a 47% increase from the $68 million in marijuana taxes made last year.

Below is a chart detailing the month-by-month tax revenue Oregon has garnered from marijuana from the start of legal sales in early 2016.

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Study: CBD Increases Comfort in Dogs with Osteoarthritis

The most recent issue of the journal Frontiers presents findings of the first pharmacokinetic study and clinical trial on the use of cannabinoids to treat dogs with osteoarthritis and multi-joint pain.

The objective of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to “determine basic oral pharmacokinetics, and assess safety and analgesic efficacy of a cannabidiol (CBD) based oil in dogs with osteoarthritis (OA).”

In conducting their study, researchers found that “canine brief pain inventory and Hudson activity scores showed a significant decrease in pain and increase in activity with CBD oil.” Veterinary assessment “showed decreased pain during CBD treatment”, while “No side effects were reported by owners”.

Researchers state that “This pharmacokinetic and clinical study suggests that 2 mg/kg of CBD twice daily can help increase comfort and activity in dogs with OA [osteoarthritis].”

The full study, including its abstract, can be found by clicking here.

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Study: Marijuana Use Not Associated With Increased Risk of Dating Abuse

Same day marijuana use isn’t associated with an elevated risk of dating abuse, according to a new study published in the journal Violence Against Women, and published online by the National Institute of Health.

“The purpose of this study was to investigate same-day alcohol or marijuana use and dating abuse (DA) perpetration in a sample of 60 noncollege-attending young adults”, states the study’s abstract.

Participants reported daily data over a three month period. It was found that “DA perpetration was more likely on days when participants also reported alcohol use, but analyses of the temporal order indicated that alcohol use was not a proximal predictor of DA.” Same day marijuana use “was not associated with elevated risk of DA perpetration.”

According to the study’s researchers, “The idea that marijuana may not be causally related to increased risk of partner aggression is consistent with the results of several other studies.”

The study was conducted by researchers at Boston University, the University of Tennessee and the University of Texas Medical Branch.

The full study can be found by clicking here.

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CBD vs. THC: Everything You Need To Know About These Beneficial Cannabinoids

Cannabis CBD vs. THC

“Ladies and gentlemen…let’s get ready to rumble! In the blue corner, weighing in at an impressive five syllables, help me welcome the medical marvel, Cannabidiol, a.k.a. CBD! And in the red corner, weighing in at a truly tongue-twisting eight syllables, give a warm round of applause for the psychoactive samurai, Tetrahydrocannabinol, a.k.a. THC!”

With a title like CBD vs. THC, that’s what you might expect from this article — a fight. You likely assume that we’ll provide an answer to the question, “Which one is better?”

But, as you’ll see as you read on, pitting CBD against THC is like pitting an apple against an orange.

CBD and THC each have their own unique benefits, but one isn’t necessarily better than the other. There’s no clear winner like there would be if we compared, say, an apple and high-fructose corn syrup.

So let’s consider this less of a “versus” situation and more of a “getting to know you” event, where we delve into the specifics of both CBD and THC. Along the way, we’ll learn about the broad category of cannabinoids from which CBD and THC originate.

We’ll also discover where you can find CBD and THC. And we’ll investigate the effects and side-effects of CBD and THC to see how they compare.

To finish up our discussion, we’ll talk briefly about the entourage effect and see how CBD and THC work together to do more than they can do apart.

What Are Cannabinoids?


At its most basic, a cannabinoid is a chemical compound much like water, sugar, and salt. Cannabinoids, though, do something that none of the more common chemical compounds can: they interact with the cannabinoid receptors in your brain (CB1 and CB2).

That’s right — there are certain parts of your brain that are specifically formed to deal with cannabinoids and nothing else.

And here’s another interesting fact about cannabinoids: your body produces them in trace

There Was $129 Million in Marijuana and Marijuana Products Sold in Colorado in June

Those in Colorado purchased over $129 million worth of marijuana and marijuana products in June, a roughly 5% increase from the month prior.

In total there was $129,523,030 in marijuana and marijuana products purchased legally in Colorado in June, according to new data released by the state’s Department of Revenue. This is a slight increase from the amount sold in May ($122 million) and April ($124), but falls short of the record-setting $135 million sold in March.

Of the $129 million in marijuana sold in June, around $27 million came from the sale of medical marijuana, with the remainder from the sale of recreational marijuana. These sales helped Colorado garner around $20 million in tax revenue for the month of June.

The new data brings the state’s total marijuana sales for 2018 to $742,387,820. This puts Colorado on track to sell around $1.5 billion in legal marijuana for 2018, which would be on par with the $1.5 billion sold in 2017, and slightly higher than the $1.3 billion sold in 2016.

Marijuana was legalized in Colorado in 2012, with marijuana retail outlets opening for business in 2014.  Marijuana is taxed at 15% (plus the standard 2.9% statewide sales tax), with the revenue going towards schools, hospitals and roads.

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What You Need to Know About High Times’ Public Stock Offering

While capital continues to flow into cannabis companies, iconic ’70s stoner company High Times has stepped up with a Reg A+ public stock offering to raise money under the 2012 US Jobs Act.

The deal faces a healthy dose of risk since High Times remains deeply in debt as it seeks to grow its events business and reverse a decline in its magazine and other publishing units.

In an Aug. 3 press release, High Times said it would accept Bitcoin payments for potential investors to buy stock. But in an Aug. 13 filing with regulators, High Times admitted the release was distributed in error and that it would not take Bitcoin as payment for shares. The company did not elaborate on how the mistake was made or why it would not accept Bitcoin.

However, High Times continues to accept checks, credit cards, ACH or wire transfers as payment for subscription to is Reg-A+ share offering.

While High Times is allowed to raise up to $50 million under Reg-A+ offering rules, it apparently has not yet reached its fundraising goal, since it’s extending …

The 15 Best THC Vape Pens

Are you looking for an alternative to the harsh, hack-inducing smoke produced by your joints, blunts, bongs, and Thai sticks? Try a THC vape pen instead.

In this article, we’ll tell you why many consider vaping to be a “safer” option than smoking. Then we’ll show you 15 of the best THC vape pens on the market to get you started. First, though, let’s discuss what vaping is and what it isn’t.

Vaping vs. Smoking

The product that eventually became known as the THC vape pen was first produced as an electronic cigarette to help tobacco smokers quit. It wasn’t long, though, before canny cannabis consumers recognized that these little devices could be used with marijuana as well.

And when they started modifying their electronic cigarettes to handle THC liquid, wax, and bud, they saw that the process of vaporizing was a great addition to the process of smoking joints or blunts.

Vaporizing is better than smoking because vaporizing reduces the temperature at which cannabinoids change from solid or liquid into gas.

This reduction in temperature preserves many of the active ingredients in marijuana—the stuff that gets you high and makes you feel good—that would otherwise have been destroyed when the cannabis was burned.

Think of it this way: a flame is pretty much only one temperature. It’s hot enough to burn your bud and turn it into smoke, which, for marijuana occurs at around 450℉.

But—and here’s the kicker—cannabinoids can be changed into a gas at much lower temperatures (around 284℉). All that extra heat is just destroying a large portion of the cannabinoids you’re trying to get into your system.

That’s where the THC vape pens come in. They operate at much lower temperatures than your common, everyday flame. Rather than producing smoke (through burning), they produce vapor (through vaporization).

As a result, you get more “bang for your buck” — or perhaps “cannabinoids for your

California Bureau of Cannabis Control accepting public comments on proposed rules

Members of the public are invited to provide comments on California’s proposed rules for cannabis businesses. The Bureau of Cannabis Control and other agencies seek public comments as they consider a permanent set of rules — replacing those temporarily in place.

For background, including the text of the proposed rules, summaries, and the agencies’ reasoning for seeking changes, visit the state’s website. Comments must be received by 5:00 p.m. on Monday, August 27.

For the most part, permanent rules would mirror those currently in place – but there are some key differences. A big improvement is a clarifying statement that adults 21 and older could receive cannabis deliveries at their own homes, statewide. This is a much-needed solution for those who live in parts of the state that have banned retail sales.

Unfortunately, the transition from illicit to legal sales has not gone as quickly as many had predicted in California, due in large part to rural communities that have refused to allow legal sales. By ensuring that deliveries are available for adults everywhere, consumers are given an option for safe, discreet, and legal sales.

Not all proposed rule changes are positive. One change would limit medical cannabis dispensaries to the sale of cannabis products and branded merchandise, preventing them from offering holistic health services such as counseling and support.

If you are a California resident, take a look at the proposed rules and be sure to send comments so they can be received before the deadline on the 27.

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MPP has a new executive director!

We’re pleased to announce that Steve Hawkins has been named the new executive director of the Marijuana Policy Project. Steve brings three decades of experience fighting for criminal justice reform, having previously served in leadership roles at the NAACP, Amnesty International USA, and the Coalition for Public Safety.

The entire MPP staff is thrilled to welcome Steve to our organization.

Steve began his career as an attorney with the NAACP Legal Defense Fund challenging racial disparities in the criminal justice system. He later served as executive vice president of the NAACP, spearheading its efforts to end the police practice of “stop and frisk” in New York City and successfully encouraging the NAACP board of directors to adopt a policy in support of marijuana decriminalization. Steve also previously served as executive director of Amnesty International USA, as a program executive for the Atlantic Philanthropies, and as a senior program manager at the JEHT Foundation. You can read a more detailed biography here.

The marijuana reform movement has made incredible gains in the past several years but there’s still a great deal of work ahead. With Steve leading our experienced and talented team of reformers, and with your support, MPP will continue to enact medical marijuana and marijuana legalization laws that serve the interests of the American people.

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MPP Names New Executive Director

Steve Hawkins: “I’m proud to join this incredible team of advocates at such a critical moment in the movement to end marijuana prohibition.”

Steve Hawkins is the Marijuana Policy Project’s new executive director. He replaces acting director Matthew Schweich, who took over for the organization’s co-founder and long time executive director Rob Kampia in December.

Hawkins previously held executive-level positions at the NAACP (executive vice president), Amnesty International USA (executive director) and the Coalition for Public Safety (president).

“The country is moving in the right direction on marijuana policy, but there’s still a lot of work to be done,” states MPP board chair Troy Dayton. “Steve is the perfect choice to oversee that work and lead MPP into the future.”

In a press release, Hawkins elaborated: “Throughout my career, I’ve witness the counterproductive efforts of the war on marijuana and its especially devastating impact on communities of color. I’m proud to join this incredible team of advocates at such a critical moment in the movement to end marijuana prohibition.”

During his time at Amnesty International, Hawklins drew criticism for steering the organization …

Vermont’s primary election is tomorrow

Check out our updated voter guides to learn where candidates for state legislature and governor stand on cannabis regulation!
The Vermont state primary election will be held tomorrow, Tuesday, August 14. If you are a Vermont resident and haven’t already voted, please check out our legislative voter guide to learn where candidates for state legislature stand on marijuana policy. Then, please read our guide on the candidates for governor.
This year, we sent candidates a survey consisting of only one question: “Do you support regulating and taxing the production and sale of cannabis in Vermont for use by adults 21 and older?” Our voter guides include responses from candidates for state representative, state senator, and governor, in addition to public statements and incumbent legislators’ votes on the legalization bill.
We have updated the gubernatorial voter guide to include a fifth candidate, state Sen. John Rodgers, who is running as a write-in candidate. At a recent public forum, all five Democratic candidates talked about their support for taxing and regulating cannabis.
For information on where and how to vote in Vermont, click here.

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Study: Cannabis Terpenes have “Anti-Inflammatory, Antioxidant, Analgesic, Anticonvulsive, Antidepressant, Anxiolytic, Anticancer, Antitumor, Neuroprotective, Anti-Mutagenic, Anti-Allergic, Antibiotic and Anti-Diabetic Attributes”

A new study has found that cannabis terpenes have attributes that are “anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, anticonvulsive, antidepressant, anxiolytic, anticancer, antitumor, neuroprotective, anti-mutagenic, anti-allergic, antibiotic and anti-diabetic”.

The study was published by the European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. It’s abstract starts by stating that “Cannabaceae plants Cannabis sativa L. and Humulus lupulus L. are rich in terpenes – both are typically comprised of terpenes as up to 3-5% of the dry-mass of the female inflorescence.” Some terpenes “are relatively well known for their potential in biomedicine and have been used in traditional medicine for centuries, while others are yet to be studied in detail.”

With that in mind, “The current, comprehensive review presents terpenes found in cannabis and hops.” They found that “Terpenes’ medicinal properties are supported by numerous in vitro, animal and clinical trials and show anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, anticonvulsive, antidepressant, anxiolytic, anticancer, antitumor, neuroprotective, anti-mutagenic, anti-allergic, antibiotic and anti-diabetic attributes, among others.”

Researchers state that “Because of the very low toxicity, these terpenes are already widely used as food additives and in cosmetic products. Thus, they have been proven safe and well-tolerated.”

More information on this study can be found by clicking here.

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Study: Cannabis Can Help Treat Schizophrenia, Offering “a Fresh Start and Newfound Hope”

According to a new study published by the open access journal Medicines, and published online by the National Institute of Health, cannabis “can be used as a treatment for schizophrenia… offering a fresh start and newfound hope”.

According to the study’s abstract, “Approximately 0.5% of the population is diagnosed with some form of schizophrenia, under the prevailing view that the pathology is best treated using pharmaceutical medications that act on monoamine receptors.” For the study, researchers reviewed “evidence on the impact of environmental forces, particularly the effect of autoimmune activity, in the expression of schizophrenic profiles and the role of Cannabis therapy for regulating immunological functioning.”

“A review of the literature shows that phytocannabinoid consumption may be a safe and effective treatment option for schizophrenia as a primary or adjunctive therapy”, states the study. “Emerging research suggests that Cannabis can be used as a treatment for schizophrenia within a broader etiological perspective that focuses on environmental, autoimmune, and neuroinflammatory causes of the disorder, offering a fresh start and newfound hope for those suffering from this debilitating and poorly understood disease.”

The study was conducted at the University of New Mexico, with researchers from both the Department of Psychology and the Department of Economics.

The full study can be found by clicking here.

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It’s Official: North Dakota Marijuana Legalization Initiative Placed on November Ballot

An initiative to legalize marijuana in North Dakota has officially qualified for the November general election ballot.

According to the North Dakota secretary of state’s office, Legalize ND submitted more than the 13,500 valid signatures required to place their marijuana legalization initiative on the November 6 ballot.

The proposal, if passed, would give North Dakota one of the least restrictive legalization laws in the country. It would allow those 21 and older to possess, cultivate and distribute marijuana for recreational purposes. The initiative would legalize all forms of marijuana, including oils and hash,

In addition, the initiative establishes a 3-step system for marijuana expungements:

  • Step 1.) The state begins to analyze all those currently in prison with charges that would be applicable under the law and flags them for expungment.
  • Step 2.) 30 days after their release from prison, the state shall automatically expunge their records.
  • Step 3.) The state then has 10 additional days to send via certified mail notification of such an event occurring.


If that state fails to expunge a record that qualifies, the person has a right to a court appeal. If the person wins the court appeal, they can sue the state for fiscal damages with the state waiving it’s sovereign immunity in the case.

For more information on Legalize ND’s initiative, click here.

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Study: Legalizing Medical Marijuana Associated with a 33.7% Reduction in Workplace Fatalities Among Those Aged 25 to 44

According to a new study published by the International Journal of Drug Policy, the legalization of medical marijuana is associated with a large decrease in workplace fatalities .

According to its abstract, the aim of the study “was to determine the association between legalizing medical marijuana and workplace fatalities.” Using data from all 50 states and the District of Columbia between 1992 and 2015 (obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistics), regression models were adjusted for state demographics, the unemployment rate, state fixed effects, and year fixed effects.

“Legalizing medical marijuana was associated with a 19.5% reduction in the expected number of workplace fatalities among workers aged 25–44”, states the study. This associated “grew stronger over time”, rising to a 33.7% reduction five years after medical marijuana legalization took effect.

Researchers found that medical marijuana laws “that listed pain as a qualifying condition or allowed collective cultivation were associated with larger reductions in fatalities among workers aged 25–44 than those that did not.”

The association between legalizing medical marijuana and workplace fatalities among workers aged 16–24, “although negative, was not statistically significant at conventional levels.”

The study concludes by stating that :The results provide evidence that legalizing medical marijuana improved workplace safety for workers aged 25–44. Further investigation is required to determine whether this result is attributable to reductions in the consumption of alcohol and other substances that impair cognitive function, memory, and motor skills.

The full study can be found by clicking here.

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Marijuana Expected to be Rescheduled Federally by the Fall

Recently the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), for the first time ever, gave approval to a marijuana-based medicine. The company behind the medicine now says he expects the government to reschedule cannabis within 90 days.

“We expect to make Epidiolex available to U.S. patients this fall, following rescheduling which is expected to occur within 90 days of FDA approval,” said GW Pharmarceuticals’ CEO Justin Grover in a recent earnings call. “We have been building commercial inventory in recent months and are in a position to ship product into the U.S. supply chain, once rescheduling is complete.”

In June, Epidiolex became the first marijuana-derived medicine to ever be approved by the FDA. According to Grover, roughly 1,200 people in other countries are currently receiving Epidiolex, mostly for Lennox-Gastraut and Dravet Syndromes.

If rescheduling really does occur within 90 days of the FDA’s approval of Epidiolex, the change should happen by the end of September. The most likely scenario is that marijuana will be shifted to schedule 2, which means it’s still highly regulated but does have some medical value.

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Study: CBD Helps Heal Wounds During Their Early Stages

A new study published in the jounal Phytotherapy Research has found that CBD exerts “an antiinflammatory effect in early phase of wound healing process”.

“The effects of cannabidiol (CBD), the main non-psychotropic component of Cannabis sativa, were assessed on oral wound healing in an in vivo model”, states the abstract of the study, which was epublished ahead of print by the U.S. National Institute of Health. “Standardized ulcers” were induced in 60 rats, who subsequently received “intraperitoneal injections of CBD at doses of 0 (control), 5, and 10 mg/kg daily.” Animals were weighed daily, and wound healing was clinically and histologically evaluated after 3 and 7 days of treatment.

“CBD treatment did not influence the wound area of ulcerative lesions at either observation time”, states researchers. “”Conversely, microscopic findings revealed that at Day 3 postwounding, CBD-treated lesions exhibited significantly lower inflammatory scores than those in the control group.” However, “this difference was not observed at Day 7.”

Researchers conclude by stating that “Collectively, these findings indicate that CBD exert an antiinflammatory effect in early phase of wound healing process although it was not sufficient promote clinical improvement of oral traumatic ulcerative lesions.

The full study, conducted by researchers at Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande and the University of São Paulo, can be found by clicking here.

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Nearly $600 million in Legal Marijuana Sold in Denver Last Year, $44 Million in Taxes Garnered

There was almost $600 million in marijuana and marijuana products sold in Denver in 2017, resulting in tens of million of dollars in taxes for the city.

According to a new report titled The Denver Collaborative Approach: Leading The Way In Municipal Marijuana Management 2018. there was roughly $587 million in legal marijuana sold throughout Denver in 2017, a 29% increase from the year prior. $377 million of this came from recreational marijuana sales, with the remaining $210 million from the legal distribution of medical marijuana

These sales resulted in around $44 million in taxes. This marks a 20% increase from the marijuana tax revenue the city garnered in 2016.

“This new report demonstrates Denver’s coordinated approach between multiple agencies to manage marijuana is working,” said Denver’s Mayor Michael B. Hancock in a press release sent out earlier today. “We took on the daunting challenge of becoming the first major city in America to manage legalized recreational marijuana and we are having success. That’s because of coordination between Denver’s Excise and Licenses, Denver’s Fire Department, Police Department, Department of Public Health and Environment, Community Planning and Development, as well as our partners in other city agencies, the community from the marijuana industry and public health advocates.”

In Denver, marijuana has been legal since 2013, with the first legal sales taking place in January of the following year.

Denver is the most populated city in Colorado with around 690,000 residents.

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Connecticut primary election will take place Tuesday, August 14

Strong contrast emerges between Democratic candidates for attorney general

The Connecticut primary election will take place next Tuesday, August 14. If you’re a Connecticut resident and you’re not sure how or where to vote, please visit the secretary of state’s website for more information.

On the Democratic ticket, both candidates for governor and both candidates for lieutenant governor have said they support taxing and regulating marijuana. However, in the race for attorney general, there is a strong contrast between the Democratic candidates’ positions. At a recent debate, former U.S. Attorney Chris Mattei spoke strongly in favor of regulating marijuana, while the other two candidates, state Rep. William Tong and state Sen. Paul Doyle, “expressed reservations.” Additionally, Mattei has criticized Tong for his failure to support the medical cannabis bill when it passed in 2012.

None of the five Republican candidates for governor have spoken publicly in favor of ending marijuana prohibition.

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Study: 80% of Autistic Children Saw Improvements Afer Consuming CBD

In a new study published by the journal Neurology, 80% of children with autism saw improvements in their condition after being administered cannabidiol (CBD).

For the study, 60 children with an average age of 12 were given cannabis oil containing 20% CBD and 1% THC, for a period of seven months.

After the seven-month period, children filled out a questionnaire asking  if they noticed any changes in their condition. Parents were asked if they noticed any changes in their child’s condition, and were asked about any changes in their child’s anxiety levels and communication abilities.

According to the study’s lead Dr. Adi Aran, director of the pediatric neurology unit at Shaare Zedek Hospital in Jerusalem, 80% of parents reported a decrease in problematic behavior following the use of CBD, and 62% reported that their child’s behavior improved significantly. Around half of the children claimed they noticed improvements in their communication, and 40% saw significant improvements in their anxiety symptoms.

“According to the astonishing report, eighty percent of the children reported improved functioning!”, says Nachshol Cohen, Founder of Cannabium. “We hope that this research will help to bring about a conceptual change by regulators and policymakers, which will lead to a scientific momentum that will unequivocally demonstrate the positive effects of cannabis on a variety of health problems.”

The study also found that half of the children who participated in the study also reported an improvement in their level of communication, with 40% saying that their anxiety symptoms had significantly improved. A third of the participants did not show symptoms of anxiety before the study began.

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