How To Make Cannabis Oil

cannabis oil

Source: georgiacannabis.org

We are literally living in the Golden Age of cannabis. There are so many different products it can be difficult to choose which to use…or even which to try first. From gummies to blunts to tinctures to creams, you can get your marijuana in any and every shape and form.

On one end, you’ve got your well-known methods of consumption, like joints and bongs. On the other end, you’ve got your lesser-known forms of cannabis, like live resin and cannabis oil. It’s this latter form of cannabis — cannabis oil — to which we’ll devote our attention today.

Cannabis oil has been growing in popularity recently thanks to its ability to stop the growth of, and even destroy, cancer cells. It has other powerful medicinal effects (as you’ll see below), but its anti-tumoral properties are the thing that gets most people excited.

In this article, we’ll teach you how to make cannabis oil for yourself. That way, you can take advantage of all the healing without spending an arm and a leg. But before we get to the how-to, let’s take a moment and learn what cannabis oil is and what it isn’t.

All You Need To Know About Cannabis Oil

Cannabis oil is a special type of marijuana concentrate that has saved and improved countless lives. Cannabis oil is essentially pure THC or CBD which can be consumed in much larger doses than is possible by smoking, vaporizing, or ingesting raw cannabis flower.

cannabis oil usesSource: Naturesalternativepdx.com

Cannabis oil, to be clear, is not the same thing as CBD oil. Do not buy CBD or hemp oils online. Such products are often produced from industrial grade hemp which lacks the critical anticancer THC cannabinoid. The industrial hemp used in these bogus medications is also often grown with harsh, inorganic chemical fertilizers as opposed to organic marijuana.

hemp oil vs cannabis oil

Source: thetraveljoint.com

“The only way to know that you have

Federal Court: Employers Refusal to Hire Medical Cannabis Patient for Cannabis Use a Violation of Connecticut Law

A federal court in Connecticut has ruled that it’s a violation of the state’s medical cannabis law to refuse to hire a medical cannabis patient based solely on a drug test which finds cannabis in their system.

Refusing to hire a medical cannabis patient because she tested positive on a pre-employment drug test violates Connecticut’s medical marijuana law, a federal court in Connecticut has held, granting summary judgment to the job applicant on her employment discrimination claim. The case is Noffsinger v. SSC Niantic Operating Co., LLC, d/b/a Bride Brook Nursing & Rehab. Ctr.No. 3:16-cv-01938, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 150453 (D. Conn. Sept. 5, 2018).

“Noffsinger illustrates that employers (including federal contractors) should not rely solely on federal law or their status as a federal contractor when making employment decisions with regard to applicants and employees who use medical marijuana”, states a report by Jackson Lewis P.C., a law firm with over 850 attorneys nationwide. “Courts in Connecticut and certain other states will enforce state laws against discrimination with regard to medical marijuana use.”

Despite the ruling, the court declined to award the applicant any attorneys’ fees or punitive damages, and dismissed her claim for negligent infliction of emotional distress.

Below is some background on the case:

Bride Brook, a federal contractor, made an offer of employment to Katelin Noffsinger contingent on her passing a pre-employment drug test. Noffsinger told Bride Brook that she was a registered qualifying patient under the Connecticut Palliative Use of Marijuana Act (PUMA) and she has used medical marijuana since 2015 to treat post-traumatic stress disorder.

When the pre-employment drug test came back positive for marijuana, Noffsinger was not hired because the employer followed federal law holding that marijuana is illegal.

Noffsinger filed a complaint in state court, alleging, among other things, a violation of PUMA’s anti-discrimination provision.

The provision states:

[U]nless required by federal law or required to obtain funding: …

Study: THC and CBD Combined With Temozolomide May Help Treat Glioblastoma

Administration of THC and CBD in combination with the chemotherapy drug temozolomide may provide a potential treatment option for glioblastoma multiforme, according to a study published by the journal Biochemical Pharmacology.

“Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive type of brain tumor due, at least in part, to its poor response to current anticancer treatments”, states the study’s abstract. “These features could be explained, at least partially, by the presence within the tumor mass of a small population of cells termed Glioma Initiating Cells (GICs) that has been proposed to be responsible for the relapses occurring in this disease.” Thus, “the development of novel therapeutic approaches (and specifically those targeting the population of GICs) is urgently needed to improve the survival of the patients suffering this devastating disease.”

Researchers state that “Previous observations by our group and others have shown that Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, the main active ingredient of marijuana) and other cannabinoids including cannabidiol (CBD) exert antitumoral actions in several animal models of cancer, including gliomas. We also found that the administration of THC (or of THC + CBD at a 1:1 ratio) in combination with temozolomide, the benchmark agent for the treatment of GBM, synergistically reduces the growth of glioma xenografts.”

In this study the researchers “investigated the effect of the combination of TMZ and THC:CBD mixtures containing different ratios of the two cannabinoids in preclinical glioma models, including those derived from GICs.”

The findings “show that TMZ + THC:CBD combinations containing a higher proportion of CDB (but not TMZ + CBD alone) produce a similar antitumoral effect as the administration of TMZ together with THC and CBD at a 1:1 ratio in xenografts generated with glioma cell lines. In addition, we also found that the administration of TMZ + THC:CBD at a 1:1 ratio reduced the growth of orthotopic xenografts generated with GICs derived from GBM patients and enhanced the survival of the animals …

Study: THC Appears to be Protective Against Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

Regular THC use appears to be protective against lower urinary tract symptoms, according to a new study being published in the the Journal of Urology, and epublished online by the U.S. National Institute of Health.

According to its abstract, the objective of the study was “To further define the relationship between tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), specifically how THC use associates with the frequency of LUTS in young community-dwelling men in the United States.”

For the study the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database was queried over a four-year periood. Men ages 20-59 who completed the urinary and substance abuse questionnaires were included. The presence of LUTS was defined as having at least two of the following: “nocturia, hesitancy, incomplete emptying, or incontinence.” THC use was self-reported, and participants were considered regular smokers if they endorsed smoking at least once per month. “Multivariable logistic regression was performed to analyze the relationship between THC and LUTS.”

Among 3,037 men who met inclusion criteria, “14.4% (n=477) of subjects reported THC use.” In multivariable analyses, adjusting for clinical variables, “regular THC users remained significantly less likely to report LUTS compared to non-users.”

The study concludes by stating that “THC use.. appears to be protective from LUTS in young community-dwelling men.”

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Brooklyn District Attorney To Allow Up to 20,000 Past Marijuana Convictions to be Vacated

At a press conference held today Brooklyn District Attorney Eric Gonzalez announced that he plans to allow for up to 20,000 low-level marijuana convictions to be wiped from criminal records.

Brooklyn District Attorney Eric Gonzalez.

“Though state lawmakers decriminalized minor marijuana possession offenses in 1977, possessing small amounts of cannabis “in public view” remains a criminal misdemeanor”, says Paul Armentano, NORML’s Deputy Director. “City police have made several hundred thousand arrests since the late 1990s for violation of the ‘public use’ statute – primarily due to aggressive ‘stop and frisk’ policing. Over 80 percent of those arrested were either Black or Latino.”

Under the DA’s newly announced initiative, those with low-level convictions will be eligible to have their criminal records vacated beginning September 21.  Gonzalez estimates that prosecutors will consent to dismissing the charges in a great majority of cases, which could ultimately result in the expungement of up to 20,000 past convictions

Earlier this year, Gonzalez, along with Manhattan DA Cyrus R. Vance, Jr. declared that their offices would no longer prosecute low-level marijuana offenses.

“It’s a little unfair to say we’re no longer prosecuting these cases, but to have these folks carry these convictions for the rest of their lives,” Gonzalez told The Associated Press .

In recent months, District Attorneys in a number of metropolitan areas, such as San Francisco and Seattle, have begun the process of reviewing and vacating past, low-level marijuana convictions. Lawmakers in several states – including DelawareMassachusettsMarylandOregon, and Rhode Island – have enacted expungement laws following the passage of either marijuana decriminalization or legalization.

In California, legislation providing for mandatory expungement of past marijuana convictions is awaiting the Governor’s signature.

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Medical Marijuana Initiative Campaign Begins Collecting Signatures Next Week in Mississippi

Proponents behind a medical marijuana legalization initiative in Mississippi will begin collecting signatures next week in an attempt to place the proposal to a vote of the people in 2020.

Mississippians for Compassionate Care is running the campaign, called Medical Marijuana 2020. According to State Representative Joel Bomgar (R), who’s a steering committee member for the group, they will begin collecting signatures for their initiative next week. They will need to collect roughly 100,000 signatures for the measure to be on the November, 2020 ballot.

“Medical Marijuana 2020 is a campaign to make medical marijuana available to Mississippians who have debilitating medical conditions”, states the group’s website. If approved, the proposal “would allow physicians to certify medical marijuana for patients with debilitating medical conditions and then allow those patients to obtain medical marijuana in a legal and safe manner from treatment centers licensed and regulated by the Mississippi State Department of Health.”

Qualifying conditions would include “cancer, epilepsy and other seizures, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, multiple sclerosis, post-traumatic stress disorder, HIV, AIDS, chronic pain, ALS, glaucoma, Crohn’s disease, sickle-cell anemia, autism with aggressive or self-injurious behavior, spinal cord injuries, and similar diseases.”

The initiative would authorize licensed marijuana dispensaries to distribute the medicine, and would  place no limit on the number of outlets allowed throughout the state.

The full text of the proposed initiative can be found by clicking here.

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Dueling Medical-Marijuana Initiatives in Missouri Likely to Confuse Voters

For nearly 20 years, Missouri residents have publicly debated the topic of medical cannabis more than any other state while passing no significant reform for patients.

However, in August, not one or two but three different marijuana initiatives were approved for the Nov. 6 ballot. The three are backed by New Approach Missouri, Missourians for Patient Care and Springfield lawyer/physician Brad Bradshaw, under the name Find a Cure. Both New Approach and Bradshaw have proposed constitutional amendments. Patient Care’s is a statutory amendment.

Only New Approach’s would allow for home growing (six plants), which is probably good enough reason to vote for it. Ten conditions, from cancer to PTSD, would be covered by the measure, dubbed Amendment 2. The possession limit is four ounces.

Missouri’s Democratic Sen. Claire McCaskill, who’s up for reelection, has endorsed Amendment 2, as well as NORML. “Of the three, NORML believes that Amendment 2 is written in a manner that best provides for the needs of patients and their physicians, and is the measure most likely to withstand scrutiny from lawmakers,” NORML stated on Sept. 5.

NORML:

Federal Medical-Marijuana Patient Barbara Douglass, 1956-2018

One of the last four federal marijuana patients, Barbara Douglass, passed away on August 26. She was 62 years old.

Born in Storm Lake, IA on April 13, 1956, Douglass suffered from multiple sclerosis. She petitioned the government in 1991 to allow her to enter NIDA’s Compassionate Investigative New Drug (IND) program, which provided a monthly allotment of government-grown marijuana to patients.

Diagnosed with MS in 1988, Douglass had never used marijuana until it was recommended that she try some to find relief. She quickly discovered that cannabis helped treat pain and spasticity. She also had a wasting syndrome, but was able to overcome that thanks to the marijuana, which gave her an appetite.

In the 1980s and ’90s, the Alliance for Cannabis Therapeutics opened the door to the relatively unknown IND program. Robert Randall – the first person to legally receive federal medical marijuana through the program (for glaucoma) – and his partner, Alice O’Leary, founded the group. Randall was approved to receive marijuana in 1975. The compassionate IND program’s application was quite complicated, involving a great deal of paperwork. To help guide patients though the process, Randall and O’Leary put together a sort of how-to manual that helped a lot of people, including Douglass, apply for the program.

Join MPP at the Second Annual Cannabis Law Institute September 7 and 8 in Washington, D.C.

This year, the National Cannabis Bar Association’s Second Annual Cannabis Law Institute will take place on September 7 and 8 in Washington, D.C. at the George Washington University Law School.

Featuring some of the nation’s leading attorneys, academics, and politicians, this event will convene the best minds and visionaries working in the cannabis industry and reform movement for two days of panels and discussion. Programming is focused on education for attorneys, and you can receive 11+ CLE credits for select jurisdictions. Evenings will feature networking events.

We’re excited to announce that MPP’s Deputy Director Matt Schweich will be moderating the panel discussion on Federalism & States’ Rights, which will also include MPP’s Director of Federal Policies, Don Murphy.

You’re invited to attend by registering here. Use the code “friendsofncba” to receive $200 off the full ticket price, and if you are a member of NCBA, you get an additional $100 off.

With over 60 speakers and panelists from organizations like the Brookings Institution, the National Cannabis Industry Association, Americans for Safe Access, and leading cannabis law firm Vicente Sederberg, the conference will address the most challenging areas of law as they relate to the cannabis industry, including banking, tax, finance, intellectual property, labor and employment, corporate governance, and more. Congressmen Earl Blumenauer of Oregon and David Joyce of Ohio will also be in attendance as part of the keynote conversation on Friday morning.

If you live in the D.C. metro area, you don’t want to miss this important event. We hope to see you there!

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Almost three million Wisconsin voters to consider legalization questions on Election Day

Exciting news! This November, ballot measures in 15 counties and two cities will allow voters to weigh in on marijuana policies in Wisconsin. The results could serve as a springboard for reform. The non-binding, advisory questions vary by jurisdiction — with some concerning medical cannabis and some focusing on legalizing marijuana for adults’ use. Find the confirmed list of questions by jurisdiction here.

Voters will consider ballot measures in the cities of Racine and Waukesha, as well as the following counties: Brown, Clark, Dane, Eau Claire, Forest, Kenosha, La Crosse, Langlade, Marathon, Marquette, Milwaukee, Portage, Racine, Rock, and Sauk.

If you are not already registered to vote, you can register here. For more information on registration deadlines, visit this page.

If you’re a Wisconsin resident, please spread the word, and voice your support Tuesday, November 6!

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Delaware Governor Signs Marijuana Expungement Bill Into Law

Delaware Governor John Carney has signed into law legislation that provides mandatory expungement eligibility to those convicted of a marijuana offense that is now decriminalized.

Senate Bill 197 passed the House of Representatives in July by a unanimous 40 to 0 vote, just a few weeks after passing the Senate, also unanimously (20 to 0). Now, Governor Carney has signed the measure into law; it takes effect immediately.

According to the official synopsis of Senate Bill 197, “This Act provides mandatory expungement eligibility to individuals who were convicted of the possession, use or consumption of marijuana prior to Delaware’s decriminalization of these offenses.” To be eligible for the mandatory expungement, “the marijuana conviction must be the applicant’s only criminal conviction.”

The legislation was introduced by Senate Minority Whip Greg Lavelle (R), and House Majority Leader Valerie Longhurst (D).

According to date collected by the Delaware Criminal Justice Information SystemSenate Bill 197 would effect around 1,200 individuals charges with possession of up to an ounce of marijuana prior to 2015 when it was decriminalized.

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Del. governor signs expungement bill; primary election is Thursday

Last Wednesday, Gov. John Carney signed into law a bill that allows hundreds of Delawareans to clear their records of marijuana possession convictions!

The new law applies to individuals who have a single conviction on their record. (A second conviction, whether it’s marijuana-related or otherwise, would disqualify the individual.) Delaware decriminalized simple possession of marijuana back in 2015, but records from old marijuana charges can shut the door on opportunities.

Now, individuals with a single conviction for possessing up to an ounce of marijuana automatically qualify to clear their record. To receive an expungement, individuals first request their certified records from the State Bureau of Identification. Then, they pay a fee and fill out a form to apply for mandatory expungement. The expungement forms are on the Courts website, under the Superior Court heading, and are listed by county.

Primary Election Day is Thursday!

In other news, Delaware’s Primary Election Day is coming up this Thursday, September 6. Polls are open from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Only registered Democrats can vote for Democratic candidates, and only registered Republicans can vote on the Republican ticket. You can find your polling place and read your sample ballot here.

Our allies at the Delaware Cannabis Advocacy Network have put together a comprehensive voter guide with the results of their candidate surveys and incumbents’ voting records. If you’re a Delaware resident, check it out, share it on social media, and don’t forget to vote if you’re able to!

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Bipartisan Federal Bill Introduced to Seal Marijuana Charges After One Year

Legislation that would seal the records for marijuana charges one year after the sentence is completed has been filed in the U.S. Congress.

The Clean Slate Act (HR 6669) was introduced by Representatives Lisa Blunt Rochester (D) and Rod Blum (R) along with 20 additional cosponsors. The measure would allow marijuana-related charges to be sealed from an individual’s criminal record a year after the conviction is complete. This would mean that the charge/s wouldn’t appear when an employer, landlord or college does a criminal background check.

“Individuals saddled with a marijuana possession conviction are disproportionately either people of color or at the lowest rungs of the economic ladder, and it is essential that they are not held back from being able to obtain employment, housing, access to higher education, and all of the other necessities of being an active participant in their community”, says Justin Strekal, NORML’s Political Director. “Having been arrested for mere marijuana possession does not make one a bad person, but rather a victim of a cruel public policy.”

You can click here to send a message to your member of Congress asking them to support the Clean Slate Act.

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New York: Series of “listening sessions” on legalization begins

Last week, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced that the state will hold a series of “listening sessions” to gather input on marijuana legalization from community members and stakeholders. Input will assist in drafting legislation to tax and regulate marijuana for adults’ use.
If you’re a New York resident, don’t miss this opportunity to make your voice heard. Sign up to attend a listening session here.
Fifteen listening sessions will be carried out throughout the state in the following locations: Albany, Glens Falls, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, Brooklyn, Staten Island, Long Island, Newburgh, Binghamton, Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Utica, and Watertown. The first listening session is scheduled for tomorrow — Wednesday, September 5 — in Albany. Find the full list of listening sessions here.
You can find resources on marijuana regulation and legalization on our legalization issues page, including reasons to legalize marijuana, background on how legalization is working in Washington and Colorado, and data showing teen marijuana use hasn’t increased after legalization.
It’s vital that lawmakers and the governor hear that their constituents want to replace marijuana prohibition with thoughtful regulation. Please spread the word, and voice your support!

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Voter guide for New Hampshire’s primary election published

Mark your calendars, learn candidates’ positions, and remember to vote on Tuesday, September 11.

We have been busy compiling the candidates’ survey responses into an online voter guide for New Hampshire’s primary elections, which will take place Tuesday, September 11. The voter guide includes survey responses, votes cast by incumbents, and any available comments.

Click here to learn where candidates on the New Hampshire ballot stand on marijuana policy!

If you’re a New Hampshire resident, please share this message with your family and friends and remind them that the primary election is Tuesday, September 11.

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Freedom Leaf’s September-October Cannabis Events Calendar

September

9/1-2: One Love One Heart Reggae Fest, Yolo County Fairgrounds, Woodland, CA; featuring Israel Vibration with Roots Radics, Pato Banton, Mykal Rose, Anthony B and more

9/1-3: Texas Cannafest, Crystal Beach, TX

9/6: The Alchemists Forum: Hijos del Sol, Grandchamps, Brooklyn, NY

9/7-8: Grow Up Cannabis Conference & Expo, Scotiabank Convention Centre, Niagara Falls, ON; featuring Shark Tank’s Kevin O’Leary

9/7-8: Cannabis Law Institute Conference, George Washington University Law School, Washington, DC

9/7-9: Montana Hemp & Cannabis Festival, Lolo Hot Springs, Lolo, MT; featuring Pato Banton and more

9/8: Canna-Bash, Mill Hill Park, Trenton, NJ

9/8: The Road to Hempfest, Reed Conference Center, Oklahoma City, OK

9/8-9: Midwest Cannabis Cup, Auto City Speedway, Clio, MI; featuring Nas, Mike Jones, Demrick and more

9/8-9: THC Fair, Jackson County Expo, Central Point, OR

9/13: Cannabis Private Investment Summit, New York, NY

9/14: Green Market Summit, One World Trade Center, New York, NY

9/14-15: Hempfest Cannabis Expo, Exhibition Place, Toronto, ON

9/14-16: Boston Freedom Rally, Boston Common, Boston, MA

9/15-16: That