Study: Washington Teens Not Using More Marijuana Following Legalization

The legalization of marijuana in Washington State is not associated with an increase in marijuana use by most teens, according to a study published in The Journal of Adolescent Health.

For the study researchers from Washington State University, the University of Massachusetts, and the Colorado School of Public Health assessed trends in teen marijuana use and employment in the years immediately prior to and immediately following the enactment of retail marijuana sales (2010 to 2016), reports NORML in a news release.

The study found that “marijuana use decreased significantly among working and non-working 8th and 10th graders.” Marijuana use similarly declined among 12th graders who were not employed, while among 12th graders who were employed more than eleven hours per week marijuana use actually increased over the study period, though just slightly. The study’s authors acknowledged that this latter finding was not unexpected because “the workplace may expose adolescents to peer or adult coworkers’ potentially unhealthy behaviors, including substance use.” Authors further acknowledged that working youth were also more likely to have reported using cannabis prior to the passage of legalization.

The full text of the study, titled “Employment and marijuana use among Washington state adolescents before and after legalization of retail marijuana,” appears in The Journal of Adolescent Health.

The study’s full abstract can be found below:

Purpose

The purpose of the study was to describe associations between employment and marijuana use among adolescents 2 years before passage of 2012 ballot initiative and 2 years after the implementation of retail recreational marijuana sales took place in Washington.

Methods

We used 2010 and 2016 data from Washington’s statewide school-based Healthy Youth Survey, which is completed by more than 76,000 youth annually and representative of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders in public schools. We used “difference-in-differences” regression to estimate the odds of current, past 30-day marijuana use by working status and hours worked per week compared with nonworking youth.

Cannabis Legalization in New Jersey Goes Back to Drawing Board

The effort to to legalize marijuana in New Jersey ground to a halt March 25 when Senate President Stephen Sweeney decided there wasn’t enough votes to pass Senate Bill 2703.

“It’s really more of a pause than a defeat,” says William Caruso, a lawyer at Archer & Greiner PC and a member of New Jersey United for Marijuana Reform, who helped craft the state’s medical program. “It was the first time ever a bill on adult-use cannabis came within one or two votes in the Senate of becoming a law. The goal now is to figure out where they’re short. There’s a break now for the Legislature to work on the budget and legalization will be back on the agenda in May and June.”

The measure had support in the Assembly, but would have fallen a few votes short in the Senate.

GOV. PHIL MURPHY: “History is often a bumpy road of fits and starts and setbacks. But eventually, barriers do fall.”

The effort made history as the first time adult-use legislation nearly reached the floor of the State House, but legalization is taking much longer than the 100 days that Gov. Phil Murphy targeted when he took office in late 2017.

Study: CBD May be Effective in the Treatment of Painful Diabetic Neuropathy

According to a new study being published by the journal Brain Research, and epublished online by the National Institute of Health,  cannabidiol (CBD) ” may be effective in the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy “.

“Most diabetic patients describe moderate to severe pain symptoms whose pharmacological treatment is palliative and poorly effective”, states the study’s abstract. “Cannabidiol (CBD) has shown promising results in painful conditions.” With this in mind, researchers “aimed to investigate the potential antinociceptive effect of CBD over the mechanical allodynia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic (DBT) rats, as well as its involved mechanisms.”

For the study, “Wistar adult male diabetic rats were treated acutely or sub-chronically (for 14 days) with CBD (0.1, 0.3 or 3 mg/Kg, intraperitoneal; i.p.) and had their mechanical threshold assessed using the electronic Von Frey. ” Acute treatment with CBD (at doses of 0.3 and 3 mg/Kg) “exerted a significant anti-allodynic effect, which is not associated with locomotor impairment. “The antinociceptive effect of CBD (3 mg/Kg) was not altered by the pre-treatment with CB1 or CB2 receptor antagonists (AM251 and AM630; respectively; both at a dose of 1 mg/kg, i.p.) nor by glycine receptor antagonist (strychnine hydrochloride, 10 μg/rat, intrathecal, i.t.).”

“However,”  the study states, “this effect was completely prevented by the pre-treatment with the selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY 100135 (3 μg/rat, i.t.). Sub-chronic treatment with CBD (0.3 or 3 mg/Kg) induced a sustained attenuation of the mechanical allodynia in DBT rats.”

DBT rats “presented significantly lower spinal cord levels of serotonin, which was prevented by the daily treatment with CBD (0.3 mg/Kg).”

Taken together, the data “suggest that CBD may be effective in the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy and this effect seems to be potentially mediated by the serotonergic system activation through 5-HT1A receptors.”

The full abstract can be found below:

Most diabetic patients describe moderate to severe pain symptoms whose pharmacological treatment is palliative and

Connecticut Marijuana Legalization Bill Approved by Committee

Legislation to legalize marijuana was passed recently by the Connecticut Joint Committee on General Law.

House Bill 7371 was passed by the committee in a 10 to 8 vote, reports High Times. The measure must now be passed by the full Senate and House before it can go to the governor’s desk.

If the measure is passed into law it would legalize and regulate commercial marijuana cultivation, processing, and sales in the state, while companion measures to tax cannabis and allow for expungements of past convictions are being considered by different committees.

A supporter of the bill,  Democrat Rep. Juan Candelaria, said that regulating marijuana will provide a source of new revenue to benefit residents of the state.

“We have a black market and we stay idle and do nothing, that black market is going to continue to thrive,” said Candelaria. “The opportunity for us to regulate this market and utilize these dollars and really invest them … in addiction care, that goes a long way.”

According to High Times, much of the debate over HB 7371 centered on social equity provisions of the measure that would give members of communities disproportionately affected by the War on Drugs incentives to participate in the cannabis industry including reduced license fees and priority in the application process. Sen. Douglas McCrory, also a Democrat, said that the bill should right injustices inherent in the prohibition of cannabis.

“No one can dispute that cannabis prohibition was racist from its intent,” McCrory said. “We have a policy that’s been left over from the Jim Crow era.”

McCrory added that simply legalizing cannabis did not go far enough.

“When you put a knife in the back of a person – in this case, an entire community – for 80 years and you start to take it out, that’s not complete. That’s not how you help a community that’s been devastated for 80 years,” he said

Regular Marijuana Use Associated With Reduced BMI, Says Study

Marijuana use over time is inversely related to obesity, according to a new study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

For the study researchers assessed the relationship between cannabis use and body mass index (BMI) over time in a nationally representative sample of 33,000 subjects.

Investigators reported that cannabis-using subgroups exhibited “appreciably attenuated BMI gain” over the trial period as compared to non-users and quitters, “with the largest attenuation seen in the ‘persistent use’ group.”

They concluded: “This new prospective study builds from anecdotes, pre-clinical studies and cross-sectional evidence on inverse associations linking cannabis use and obesity and shows an inverse cannabis–BMI increase association. Confirmatory studies with rigorous cannabis and BMI assays will be needed.”

The full abstract of the study states:

Background

Pre-clinical studies indicate increased food intake and weight gain as cannabinoid effects. Cross-sectional epidemiological studies, however, indicate lower prevalence of obesity among cannabis users. Here, we aim to study the weight-gain research question in the prospectively conducted National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC).

Methods

NESARC was designed to produce nationally representative estimates for the US population. Participants (aged 18+) completed computer-assisted personal interviews on cannabis use, body weight and height at Waves 1 (W1, 2001–02) and 2 (W2, 2004–05). General linear modelling yields estimates for change in body mass index (BMI) regressed on cannabis-use status, with covariate adjustment based on a conceptual model for BMI determinants (n = 33 000).

Results

At W2, 77% of the participants never used cannabis, 18% had discontinued use (‘quit’), 3% were initiates and 2% were persistent users. Estimated W1-to-W2 BMI change shows an increase for all subgroups. Compared with never-users (reference), inverse slope estimates and attenuated change (%) in BMI between W1 and W2 are seen for cannabis-use subgroups: quitters [β = –0.81; 95% confidence interval (CI) = –1.01, –0.60], initiates (β = –0.97; 95% CI = –1.36, –0.57) and persistent users (β = –1.26; 95%

The Top 10 Popular Marijuana Strains in California

When it comes to marijuana, California is one of the most friendly states in the nation.

California Marijuana Laws 2018

Not only is California one of 10 states that have legalized recreational marijuana, they were the very first to legalize medical marijuana back in 1996. With that in mind, using data compiled by Leafly below are the 10 most popular marijuana strains in California.

Ah, the well-known, well-loved, always-great Blue Dream. With Blueberry and Haze lineage, this strain delivers an uplifting, buzzy high, and a deliciously sweet and piney flavor. You can pretty much never go wrong with Blue Dream, which earns its place at the top of this list.

Girl Scout Cookies has shot into prominence in recent years. This is due in no small part to it’s wonderful taste, and euphoric high. This cross between OG Kush and Durban Poison is certainly a modern classic.

This cross between Super Skunk and Chemdawg is known for its strong, earthy and diesel-like smell. With a high that’s energetic and uplifting, while allowing for greater focus, makes it great for daytime use.

OG Kush is one of the most well-know cannabis strains ever, with even most non-consumers having heard of it. The classic combo of Hindu Kush and Chemdawg is easily one of the most loved and sought-after strains on the market.

Despite an unfortunate name that doesn’t do the cannabis movement any justice, Green Crack is an extremely popular and well-loved strain. Its popularity is due to its sweet, citrusy flavor and smell, and it’s strong buzzing high.

Jack Herer – named after the legendary activist and author – is a sativa-dominant cross between Northern Lights and Shiva Skunk that has a legendary reputation in its own right. It has a piney smell and flavor with a backdrop of citrus, and a smooth, even high.

As Leafly puts it: …

Smokeable Medical Marijuana Bill Passed by Florida Senate

Florida’s full Senate on Thursday passed a bill to repeal the state’s ban on smokeable medical marijuana.

The Senate passed Senate Bill 182 by a vote of 34 to 4, reports the Orlando Sentinel. The measure would allow medical marijuana patients to smoke marijuana, which was legalized by voters before being prohibited by lawmakers.

“Marijuana is now medicine in the state of Florida and how that medicine is administered should be between their doctor and that patient,” said Sen. Gary Farmer, D-Lighthouse Point.

As noted by the Sentinel, lawmakers in 2017 passed a law carrying out the legalization of medical marijuana approved by 71 percent of voters in 2016, but it barred patients from access to smokable marijuana, restricting them to oils and baked goods.

Advocates for the amendment including Orlando attorney John Morgan sued, and a lower court ruled last year the smoking ban was unconstitutional. After taking office in January, DeSantis told lawmakers he would drop the appeal of that decision, made by his predecessor Rick Scott, if they didn’t pass a new law by March 15.

A spokeswoman for DeSantis did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Sen. Rob Bradley, who sponsored the previous law banning smoking, defended the earlier position but said it was “time to move on.”

“We did what we thought was right for the health of the people of the state of Florida,” said Bradley, R-Fleming Island. “It’s time to move this discussion from Tallahassee to doctors’ offices around the state.”

Not all senators embraced the change. Sen. Keith Perry, who voted no, said smoking the drug isn’t healthy for any patient.

“Just think about why we’re even debating smoking marijuana – I can only figure it’s because that’s the way it’s been used illegally forever,” said Perry, R-Gainesville, who voted against the measure. “When you burn that and inhale it, it causes cancer.”

The other three no …

Report: Over 200,000 Full-Time Jobs Created by State-Legal Marijuana Businesses

Marijuana businesses that are legal under their state’s law hired 64,000 new employees in 2018, and now employs over 200,000 full-time workers, according to data compiled by Whitney Economics and Leafly.com.

The report, entitled Cannabis Jobs Count, identifies some 211,000 full-time jobs in the legal cannabis sector. This total increases to 296,000 jobs when ancillary employers are also included.

By comparison, 112,000 Americans are estimated to currently work in the textile industry, while only about 52,000 people are employed by the coal mining industry.

“[T]he legal cannabis industry remains a substantial and unrecognized engine of grassroots job creation,” authors concluded. “In fact, cannabis job growth is proceeding at double digit rates in many states despite being overtaxed locally and heavily penalized at the federal level.”

California (67,000 jobs) led the country in cannabis-related employment, followed by Washington (47,000 jobs), and Colorado (44,000 jobs).

The report states:

Some states that have had legal adult-use cannabis sales for a while now—Colorado and Washington opened their stores in 2014—are just now seeing the growth in cannabis jobs start to plateau.

Meanwhile, newly legal states, such as Florida (medical) and Nevada (adult use), are experiencing cannabis job booms with eye-popping gains:

    • Florida grew its cannabis employment by 703% in 2018, adding more than 9,000 full-time jobs.
    • Nevada added more than 7,500 jobs during that same year.
    • Pennsylvania ended 2017 with around 90 cannabis jobs. It ended the 2018 with nearly 3,900.
    • New York grew its cannabis employment by 278%, ending 2018 with more than 5,000 jobs.

 

Commenting on the findings, NORML Executive Director Erik Altieri said: “The federal government needs to deschedule marijuana to allow states to better and more fully benefit from the economic growth engine that is the legal marijuana industry. Further, state regulators need to ensure as this sector expands its economic benefits are shared by all, including and most especially by those who suffered most under the …

Former Colorado Gov. Hickenlooper Vies for Presidential Nomination. But Was He Good on Pot?

Two governors from legal marijuana states are seeking to become the Democrats’ presidential nominee in 2020. We wrote about Washington’s current Governor Jay Inslee earlier this week. Here’s our take on Colorado’s former two-term Governor John Hickenlooper, who announced his candidacy on March 4.

Like Inslee, Hickenlooper opposed his state’s recreational marijuana ballot initiative in 2012 when Colorado’s Amendment 64 passed with 55% of the vote.

By 2014, when the law was implemented and adult-use stores began to open, the Governor stated: “I hate Colorado having to be the experiment. We are going to regulate the daylights out of it.”

He added: “This is going to be one of the great social experiments of the 21st century. But going out and getting tax revenue is absolutely the wrong reason to even think about legalizing recreational marijuana. We’re going to not use this as a source of revenue to help education or expanding health care. We’re going to use it in health care where it will relate to marijuana activity… I don’t think governors should be the position of promoting things that are inherently not good for people.”

Women Grow Announces First East Coast Summit in June

Women Grow NYC holds monthly networking events at Galvanize.

As the cannabis and hemp industries continue to build throughout the U.S., no area has experienced as rapid a growth as the East Coast. Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Vermont (plus Washington, DC) have all established medical-cannabis programs, several states (Maine, Massachusetts and Vermont) have passed adult-use laws and several more are on their way or still weighing the option. Hemp is also poised to be a major force in the region.

Reparative justice, equity programs, diversity and inclusion, environmental and public-safety concerns and evolving regulations are all part of the ongoing conversation shaping East Coast cannabis.

Here’s how Women Grow plans to impact East Coast female entrepreneurs and business leaders.

Summit Moves to DC

Women Grow will bring its annual Leadership Summit to Washington, DC in on June 7-8 at the Washington Court Hotel. It will be the first woman-focused cannabis conference on the East Coast. This is a unique opportunity for us to carry our message to the nation’s capital while introducing the Women Grow brand to a new audience. Women Grow’s new leadership team also hails from the area, exemplifying the many opportunities now available to those outside of traditional cannabis strongholds.

Growing East Coast Markets

As the popularity of adult-use cannabis legislation intensifies nationwide, East Coast governors have responded to this trend by accelerating legalization efforts. New Jersey and New York are discussing such measures, expanding their medical programs to serve more patients and embracing the rising industrial hemp industry.

Gov. Jay Inslee Hypes Washington Cannabis, But Opposed Legalization

 

On March 1, Washington Governor Jay Inslee announced he’s running for the Democratic presidential nomination.

Like many in the crowded Democrat field of candidates, he appears to have been advised that campaigns in this cycle need to support marijuana legalization. There are reasons to doubt his sincerity.

Inslee was elected governor in 2012. Washington voters also approved I-502 that year legalizing marijuana in the Evergreen State. Inslee opposed I-502, which may have cost him votes. Luckily for him, his opponent also was against the measure.

Inslee’s position on marijuana has evolved since taking office and he’s now trying hard to be seen as embracing the concept of legalization.

For example, when Inslee was a guest on Real Time with Bill Maher on HBO last April 20, he joked in the “Overtime” session about marijuana being a “growing industry and well-regulated ” in Washington State. “I can honestly say we’ve got the best weed in the United States of America,” he crowed.

Inslee even recently admitted during an interview on BuzzFeed’s AM2DM show that he legally grows cannabis. “Well, I may not …

Legislation to Regulate and Tax Marijuana in Vermont Passes Senate With Veto-proof Majority

A legislative proposal to tax and regulate marijuana for adult use in Vermont third and final reading in the Vermont Senate Friday with a veto-proof majority; the vote was 23 to 5.

The measure now moves to the Vermont House of Representatives for consideration. Passage in the House would send it to Governor Phill Scott for consideration.

Senate Bill 54, sponsored by 15 of the state’s 30 senators, would create a system of regulated marijuana production and sales for adult use in Vermont, reports the Marijuana Policy Project in a press release. Retail sales would be subject to a 10 percent tax, and municipalities could establish a 1 percent local option tax if they host a retailer. Under the proposal, oversight of the medical cannabis program would be shifted from the Department of Safety to a new independent commission beginning January 1, 2021. It would also change the word “marijuana” to “cannabis” throughout state statutes. A detailed summary of S. 54 is available at http://bit.ly/Vermont-S54.

Laws regulating and taxing cannabis for adult use have been enacted in nine states and the U.S. territory of the Northern Mariana Islands. Vermont and D.C. are the only two U.S. jurisdictions where cannabis is legal but not regulated for adult use.

“We applaud the Senate for its overwhelming approval of this commonsense legislation”, says Matt Simon, New England political director for the Marijuana Policy Project, which is leading a coalition in support of the legislation. “We hope members of the House will agree that regulating and taxing cannabis is in Vermont’s best interest. Most importantly, this legislation will make the state safer by creating a safe and legal market through which adults can access cannabis products. It will also have the added benefit of generating new tax revenue for the state, as well as local governments.”

Scott continues: “Cannabis is legal for adults in Vermont, and it’s time for it to be treated …

The Cannabis Industry’s 20 Hottest Pot Stocks of 2019

With mergers and acquisitions moving at a fast pace, it’s hard to know which cannabis companies are the best values. Last year, we provided a list of the Top 12 Canadian Pot Stocks. Here’s an expanded 2019 list that includes U.S. companies investors are high on.

Acreage Holdings

OTC: ACRGF

Based: New York, NY

Cap: $1.65 billion

Stock price: $19.10

About: Holds dispensary and cultivation licenses in 10 states; former Speaker of the House John Boehner And Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney are on their board.

Related Article: They Say It’s an Evolution: On John Boehner’s Cannabis Switcheroo

 

Aphria Inc.

NYSE: APHA

Based: Leamington, ON

Cap: $2.55 billion

Stock price: $10.31

About: The Canadian licensed producer faced a short seller in 2018. Note: Licensed producers are legally allowed to cultivate in Canada.

Related Article: Quintessential Capital Challenges Aphria

Aurora Cannabis Inc.

NYSE: ACB

Based: Cremona, AB

Cap: $7.33 billion

Stock Price: $7.30

About: The Canadian licensed producer met with Coca-Cola in 2018

Canopy Growth Corp.

NYSE: CGC

Based: Smiths Falls, ON

Cap: $16.10 billion

Stock price: $47.10

About: The Canadian licensed producer …

The Current Top 10 Most Popular Marijuana Strains

Among the hundreds – if not thousands – of marijuana strains found around the world, here are the 10 most popular!

blue dream

Blue Dream.

Using data compiled by Leafly, here are the 10 most popular marijuana strains at this very moment:

The Current 10 Most Popular Marijuana Strains:

  • Blue Dream

Blue Dream has remained a mainstay in the marijuana scene for decades. A sativa-dominant marijuana strain, Blue Drea, is a cross between the indica-dominant Blueberry and the sativa-dominant Haze. It’s known for its smooth and uplifting high, as well as its delicious blueberry flavor.

  • Sour Diesel

Sour Diesel is a cross between Super Skunk and Chemdawg, and it stands out due to its strong diesel smell, and its energetic and potent high.

  • Girl Scout Cookies

Girl Scout Cookies (GSC) is a popular mix between OG Kush and Durban Poison It has a powerful high that permeates the body, and a strong, sweet taste and smell.

  • Green Crack

Green Crack has an energetic high and a powerful body buzz that reaches the head. It has a sweet, almost citrus-like taste and smell. The name may not be doing the marijuana industry any favors, but those who try it can easily understand its popularity.

  • OG Kush

OG Kush has been one of the most popular strains for many years year. A cross between Hindu Kush and Chemdawg, OG Kush has an earthy, piney flavor, and a strong head high, that’s loved by many.

  • Granddaddy Purple

Granddaddy Purple is a powerful indica that’s a mix between Big Bud and Purple Urkle. With a berry-like flavor, this strain is a joy to smoke. It’s most known for its dense, kiefy nuggets.

  • Original Glue

Gorilla Glue #4 has been replaced on this list with Original Glue. According to Leafly, “Original Glue (GG4), developed by GG Strains, is a potent hybrid strain that delivers heavy-handed euphoria and relaxation, leaving you feeling “glued” to the couch. Its …